This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Life Expectancy In South Africa And Hiv/Aids

1126 words - 5 pages

Life expectancy is the average period that a person may expect to live. This is directly related to mortality which is the amount of deaths in a particular population during a specific period of time (OECD, 2009). According to World Health Organization the average Life expectancy in the world was 70 in 2011, varying from 80 to 60 with developed countries such as Japan at the peak with 80 whereas developing countries like Uganda and South Africa are at close to the bottom with 43 and 63 respectively (WHO, 2014). It can be argued that life expectancy has a close relationship with the average income of a country (Wilkinson, 1992). Countries with low life expectancy are usually characterized by ...view middle of the document...

Although AIDS has several mode of transmission, sexual transmission is arguably the most significant.
With the increase in HIV/AIDS infected persons in South Africa posing a problem to life expectancy, a possible solution is the use of the antiretroviral therapy. In the United States, widespread and proper use of highly active antiretroviral therapy for the treatment of HIV/AIDS has led to dramatic decreases in HIV related mortality (Stone, 2001). Findings from a study carried out in 2008 suggest that the potential loss of life associated with the failure to provide Antiretroviral Therapy to all who need it, in South Africa alone, is enormous (Hargreaves, et al., 2001). It was projected that 1.2million lives out of a population of 48million will be lost in 2012 (Walensky, et al., 2008). A survey conducted in Cape Town South Africa shows that there was a 50 percent suppressant of the virus after one year of antiretroviral treatment which significantly reduced the death rate (Orrell, et al., 2003). The Antiretroviral therapy involves administering dosages of antiretroviral drugs combination under a specific schedule. However the development of a new resistant AIDS virus which could destroy the immune system faster may occur if the combination of drugs is not administered properly (Hargreaves, et al., 2001). This might pose a serious problem to life expectancy though the benefit from proper therapy outweighs that of the problems.
Another possible solution to low life expectancy in South Africa is the use of condoms. With an aim to reduce new HIV/AIDS infection by 50 percent in South Africa, prevention is at the heart of a new National Strategic Plan (SouthAfrica Info, 2012). Between 2002 and 2008 there was a record of a slight increase in condom use among people aged 15 – 49 from 70.8 percent to 75.2 percent respectively (HSRC, 2009). A WHO study carried out in 2004 shows that proper and consistent use of condom reduces the risk of HIV infection by 95 percent (Holmes, et al., 2004). Though the use of condoms can be effective in preventing AIDS related mortality, there is the problem with acceptance of condoms. The problem with acceptance stem from religious and sociocultural ideologies (HSRC, 2009). It may be argued that the use of condom or campaigns on its use may encourage promiscuity which is frowned upon by Christian population.
In conclusion, Life expectancy in the South Africa fares poorly in comparisons with the...

Find Another Essay On Life Expectancy in South Africa and HIV/AIDS

Anaylsis of HIV & AIDS in West Africa

1063 words - 4 pages spread of HIV and AIDS not just in West Africa, but in the world as a whole. The 2001 average life expectancy of Africans is 15 years lower in HIV/AIDS victims. Without increased awareness and action, the epidemic's effects will be felt for a very long time to come.Works Cited"Africa calls for help fighting AIDS." BBC News. 26 June 2001. 2 April 2003 ."Africa devastated by AIDS." BBC News. 28 November 2001. 2 April 2003 ."AIDS 'rising in West Africa.'" BBC News. 2 July 2002. 2 April 2003 .

AIDS/HIV in South Africa Write an essay about a problem in a specific country in Africa

873 words - 3 pages things that cause HIV. Talking to them about HIV could also lead you to have people in South Africa learn about more things in general. The people in this group are unique. We can educate them about clean needles all we want. In the end they still have to make their own decisions.Third is to spend all resources available to find a permanent cure for HIV and AIDS, as this is the only real way to stop it. AIDSinfo, The AIDS Foundation of South

HIV in South Africa v. Uganda

2193 words - 9 pages ; each year, between 1988 and 1994, saw a doubling of HIV prevalence. As of 1990, the dominant mode of transmission for HIV switched from homosexual to heterosexual intercourse, creating an epidemic among the citizens of South Africa. At the same time, the rate of mother-to-child transmission was on the rise. Throughout the escalation of the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the apartheid government took a hard line stance on HIV and AIDS, calling it a

How would you account to feminisation of HIV and AIDS in Africa

1928 words - 8 pages : BooksMcIntrye & Sioban D. Harlow. 2004. "Transactional Sex among Women inSoweto, South Africa: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Association with HIVInfection." Social Science & MedicineNdinga-Muvumba, Angela & Robyn Pharoah. 2008. HIV/AIDS and Society in SouthAfrica. South Africa: University of KwaZulu Natal Press.Oberhauser, Ann M. & Amy Pratt. 2004. "Women's Collective Economic Strategies andPolitical Transformation in Rural South

Gender Equity Influences in HIV Infection in South Africa

2338 words - 9 pages , 122). Since that time, it was revealed that research for Virodene was funded by individuals with close ties to Thabo Mbeki, who became the second post-apartheid president of South Africa. Thabo Mbeki became the ANC president in December of 1997, and then president of the Republic in 1999. At this point in time about five million individuals in South Africa were infected with HIV. His position on AIDS was widely criticized, as he believed it

Should HIV/AIDS epidemic be viewed purely as an economic problem? Would this facilitate a speedier resolution? South African Economics

2065 words - 8 pages measured by, not only GDP, but also life expectancy, infant mortality and the level and standard of education (BIZ/ED, 2006).Government action against HIV/AidsGovernment expenditure on HIV/Aids has grown from R30 million in 1994 to over R3 billion in 2005/2006. The World Health Organisation's progress report on the expansion of AIDS treatment, released in June 2005, noted that: 'South Africa has committed US$1 billion over the next three years to

HIV and AIDS in Swaziland

1038 words - 5 pages HIV is the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. One country in particular that has been greatly impacted by HIV and AIDS is Swaziland. Swaziland is a small, landlocked country by South Africa. It is no more then 200 squared miles but manages to have a very diverse climate and environment ranging from desert to mountainous. The area has been inhabited sense prehistory and used to belong to the United Kingdom until it became a protectorate after the Anglo

Religion and Health in HIV/AIDS Communities

827 words - 4 pages In this research we explored holiness or spirituality in the means of decreasing stress and improving mental well-being in the lives of those who have been infected with HIV or have picked up a shortage syndrome of AIDS as well as the clinical presentations and the future outlooks on research. Individuals have turned to faith for countless reasons and researchers have tried to understand what the correlation might be to be able to explain these

HIV/AIDS in Botswana

1536 words - 6 pages receiving adequate education due to not having the opportunity or time to go to school. AIDS has also immensely impacted the life expectancy rate in Botswana; without AIDS the rate would be 74.4 years but with AIDS the life expectancy rate is expected to be at 26.7 years in 2010 (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). The current life expectancy rate is 33.9 years (CIA-The World Factbook-Botswana). It is obvious that AIDS has had, and will continue to have, a

AIDS and HIV

1944 words - 8 pages more sensitive to all illnesses, including Tuberculosis and Salmonellosis (“Complications”). HIV sometimes causes infertility, meaning you are not able to get pregnant/have a baby. If treatments are started almost immediately after diagnosis of HIV, chances are much higher that it won’t progress into AIDS. AIDS is life-threatening, and without treatment it is fatal within 3 years. AIDS and HIV become a big obstacle in the daily lives of those

HIV/AIDS in Nigeria

2088 words - 9 pages miles away from health centers that are difficult to access due to the lack of viable long-distance transportation. As Howard White and Nina Blondal writes, “…since most of the population in Africa [is] rural it is possible that the absolute number of HIV/AIDS cases is higher in rural areas than urban areas” (43). Though antiretroviral medicine and HIV testing kits can be delivered to directly to Nigeria, it is important to be able to distribute

Similar Essays

Aids In South Africa Essay

1352 words - 5 pages , countries where AIDS is prevalent are also faced with declining Gross National Products because of who AIDS is affecting. In Botswana, because of the AIDS epidemic, the life expectancy has plummeted to only forty years and their infant mortality rate has increased 122% compared to years past. Much of the population Botswana is dying or is confined to beds at what should be their prime working age and their children are dying at such a rate that

Aids/Hiv Epidemic In Africa Essay

1177 words - 5 pages tradition is based on a number of key points, such as: human impact on nature, impact of nature on humans, natural hazards, perception of environment, and environmentalism.In conclusion, the AIDS epidemic is devastating African society. Historically, few epidemics have caused such destructive demographic effects. The AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa has decreased fertility rates, increased mortality rates, shortened average life expectancy, and

Aids/Hiv Problem In South Africa. Tackling The Problem From A New Perspective

2078 words - 8 pages The Price of Life in the Name of GlobalizationIs there a price for life? If so what is it? The issue here concerns South Africa's growing HIV/AIDS patients. The world non-the-less isn't doing much about the situation that only seems to be getting worse. South Africa already has the highest growing HIV/AIDS rate in the world. The pharmaceutical companies offered very little medical donations or help, they ended up doing quite the opposite. When

Hiv/Aids Public Health Policies: A Comparison Between South Africa And Cuba

1336 words - 5 pages HIV/AIDS is still a current public health concern for all countries of the world. Research has helped progress the education and treatment of the virus, but some areas of the world still have difficulty with this public health concern. Out of all developing countries, South Africa has one of the highest percentages of their population living with HIV/AIDS while Cuba has one of the lowest percentages of their population living with the virus. In