Life for Black People After 1865
The Civil war finally ended in 1865 but did life really improve for
the Blacks there after? In this essay I am going to give evidence for
and against to support whether or not life did improve. I will discuss
the new organisations that arose such as the Ku Klux Klan and the
Freedmen’s Bureau, As well as the blood and gore side of things. Why
did they use such terrible methods of murder?
1865: 13th Amendment
1868: 14th Amendment
Black people became US citizens protected by the Law
1870: 15th Amendment
Blacks were allowed to vote
The Freedmen’s Bureau was an organisation set up by the government in
1865. It organised education, health care, orphanages and found work
of a reasonable standard for ex-slaves.
By 1874 schools had increased literacy skills among black people to
20%. Many States took this to their advantage and used it as an excuse
to limit the rights of black people. In other words; if you weren’t
able to read and write then you were not allowed to vote! Despite
this, literacy of whites was never checked; this proved that although
the Freedmen’s Bureau was set up to improve the lifestyle of black
people the racism still continued!
The Freedmen’s Bureau wanted to make States listen, but as soon as the
army left the south every State began to govern themselves, made up
their own rules and took no notice whatsoever of the Freedmen’s
Another organisation that crept its way into the rule book was called
sharecropping. This was the system that southern landowners used to
adjust to the changes brought about when slaves had freedom. Slaves
were made to work for their original slave masters and the plantations
were still owned by the same people as before. Instead of constantly
being paid with money the slaves would get given a third of the
plantation owner’s crops, but only if enough crops were harvested.
This meant that the slaves relied on a good harvest if they wanted to
get paid. E.g. If there wasn’t enough rain then the crops wouldn’t
grow properly; this would lead to the slaves having no food and
without food they would not be able to survive.
Freedom did not seem that different from life before the Civil war for
many workers in the south. The only thing different about working on
the plantations now was that the slaves didn’t have to make their way
home covered in scars and bruised backs.
Many organisations such as these were set up to improve the life of
slaves after the Civil war, but when the Ku Klux Klan came along this
made everything very different in fact just made things even worse for
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1865 and was made up of white
extremists who wanted nothing more than to ensure that White people
would be totally in control of...