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Life In England And France In The 14th Century Was Full Of Unrest And Uncertainty. The Effects Of War, Disease (Bubonic Plague) And Famine Led To Huge Deaths In Europe.

1186 words - 5 pages

Life in England and France in the 14th century was full of unrest and uncertainty. The late Middle Ages was a time of mass death caused by disease, war and famine. Life during this time was made less stable and prosperous due to many factors. First, England and France engaged in horrifying war. The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France during the 14th century. The war, which was mainly a debate over land claims, led to problems not only economically, but also religiously. France and England supported different popes, which led to the elongation of the debate over the great schism. Along with this great war, a new horrific disease began to surface. The cause of the disease was unknown at the time, but many factors aided in the spreading of the bacteria. A climate change occurred in Europe, leading to the beginning of a famine. Because of this little ice age, wheat was unable to grow and ripen. People, as well as farm animals began to become weak and vulnerable to disease. These factors, along with the increase in the bacteria Bacillus led to the beginning of the Black or Bubonic plague. With nearly one third of the population decreased, the plague was seen as an equal opportunity killer. Widespread fatalities along with economic disruptions led to more uncertainty in the 14th century.The Hundred Years' War had its roots in a dynastic quarrel between land. England and France were disagreeing on the distribution of land and saw war as the only outlet. Flanders, one of the disputed territories, was controlled by England. Flanders had grown to be the industrial center of Europe, with a big market of wool and cloth. France, however, felt they had claims to the land because the counts of Flanders had been vassals of the king of France, and the French tried to regain control of the region in order to control its wealth. England and France headed to war to attempt to end the dispute, but actually they inflicted more disorder upon their citizens. The fighting imposed untold despair on France. Social disintegration was at its highest and the population was decimated by war and famine. The most noteworthy result of the Hundred Years' War is that the nobility and secular leaders were busy fighting at a time when the citizens of Western Europe desperately needed leadership and assistance.Not only frayed by war in the 14th century, Europe was also experiencing violence in other aspects. Urban uprisings began to occur all over Europe. These local uprisings added to the instability of the time. The poor were lashing out against the local governments and the violence began to spread. In England, as well as France, rebels were demanding equality and fighting unfair taxes imposed by the rich. These local wars added to destruction and the social disintegration of the time.During the war-torn 14th century, the Christian Church was one of the few steady structures. However, early in the 14th century, the church became much less stable and secure. The...

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