Life In Latin America Before The Europeans Arrived

1193 words - 5 pages

Before Europeans discovered Latin America, there were some civilizations that already lived and died on that land. The first known civilization sometimes referred to as the “mother culture” or the Olmec lived throughout Mexico for about 1,700 years and vanished in 300 B.C. The three civilizations that thrived after the Olmec before the Europeans arrived throughout Mexico and Latin America were the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca. Life in Latin America prior to the European contact insinuated a paradox because they had an organized leadership and were spiritual, yet they caused mayhem through violence and war. Being as methodical as they were, having an organized leadership kept peace in the city states but didn’t keep peace throughout the other city-states. The rulers were power-hungry and wanted to conquer many city-states to create an empire which caused war. Also, these civilizations were very spiritual throughout their common day lives, but believed in some gods from the underworld that wanted blood through human sacrifice. This was a very violent way of worshiping their gods that they embraced it.

Organized leadership existed in each civilization before the Europeans arrived. The ruling king or queen came from same bloodline as the rulers before them. The Aztecs leadership was vital to the life of each and every person in the Aztec civilization. The rulers set everyday laws that affected people’s lives every day, these rules were followed because they came directly from the gods. For example, the king that lived during the time of the Spanish conquest, named Montezuma was seen as an actual god by many but at the end of his life, his people were disgusted with him and reportedly threw stones at him that ended up killing him. The Mayans had a different type of organized leadership. There were about 40 city-states with a dynasty of kings. To stay on top, the rulers had to appease the gods by bloodletting and human sacrifice to give them the precious thing called life. But it wasn’t just the townspeople and prisoners of war who had to partake in these acts. Sometimes the kings and/or queens also had to partake in bloodletting because of all the blood that was given, the rulers was the most precious. Many city-states fought king’s battles through brutal warfare.

There was many a war fought before the Europeans arrived in Latin America, especially between city-states in the Mayan and Inca civilizations. Kings provoked allies and attacked neighbors for appeasing the gods to stay on top. There was an especially powerful city-state in the Mayan civilization called Tikal ruled by Yikin Chan Kawiil that had a sixth century rival city-state called Calakmul that threatened Tikal. But in 743 A.D and 744 A.D, Tikal attacked two of Calakmul’s allies, El Peru and Naranjo conquering them under rule of Yikin Chan Kawiil. Before the Spanish came to Latin America, the Inca were in a civil war so when the Spanish did conquer the Inca in 1532, they did...

Find Another Essay On Life in Latin America Before the Europeans Arrived

The Indian Siutation in Colonial Latin America

886 words - 4 pages The Indian Siutation in Colonial Latin America The Indian situation in South America presented Spain with an interesting dilemma. At first, territorial expansion and the hunt for gold loomed over the New World, with Spain at the helm of the operation. Indians were obviously native of the area and their presence left Spain with several options if the New World was to become a "gold mine" of Spanish conquest. Economic progress took

Base of the Pyramid in Latin America

4102 words - 16 pages Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2012) 000-000 www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia Available online at www.sciencedirect.com The 2012 International Conference on Asia Pacific Business Innovation & Technology Management The Role of Innovation at the Bottom of The Pyramid in Latin America: Eight Case Studies César Antúnez-de-Mayolo PAD School of Management, Aldebarán 160

Life in Latin America Prior to European Contact

1077 words - 5 pages America before the Europeans came had a tough but advanced life. The Olmec, Inca, Maya, and Aztec were advanced in their own way and practiced religion differently. They had their own setbacks with resources and engineered sacred temples that are still standing today. In conclusion, life in Latin America prior to European contact was advanced yet could’ve been tough all rolled into one life that there is still more intriguing information to find out more about.

modernism in latin america

1024 words - 5 pages Latin America is a region of happiness and hatred, but most of all, Latin America is a place of history and change. Like many movements in history there is a rise and fall, the meaning of modernism in the Latin Americas enhances our understanding of humanities because it gives us a better understanding of human experiences at the time and it gives the viewer a sense of connection with those who have come before them. Of those people two of them

Education in Latin America

1410 words - 6 pages -sustaining. Cuba has jumped ahead of other countries in Latin America with everything but one big success is the special education departments. Most schools in Latin America do not have special education but Cuba has caught up the rest of the developed world. Fifty-two years ago,Cuba implemented special education into their system. Currently Cuba has thirteen facilities for 1666 children and teenagers with disabilities. Before this, students with

Slavery in Latin America

4556 words - 18 pages Slavery in Latin America Chile History Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th cent., the Araucanians had long been in control of the land in the southern part of the region; in the north, the inhabitants were ruled by the Inca empire. Diego de Almagro, who was sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru to explore the southern region, led a party of men through the Andes into the central lowlands of Chile but was unsuccessful

Islam in Latin America

1072 words - 4 pages can be called guidelines for ever Muslim including Muslims in Peru and Panama. Years after the Muslim religion evolved, Muslims came to Peru with the coming of the Spaniards. Muslims were then called “Moros” and they were even called Moors by the Spaniards, the Muslims came to Peru to escape persecution in Spain. They stayed in many places in Latin America, particularly in Peru, where they had a strong influence on the local way of life

Democracy in Latin America

3430 words - 14 pages Now days democracy has been establish in every Latin America country except Cuba, which is still a socialist state. It seemed that every other alternative form of government such as Marxism or Leninism has failed and been replaced by democracy. Furthermore it looks like people in Latin American really enjoy democracy and its’ benefits, as they also consider it to be the best form of government. After the failure of authoritarian leaders and the

Independence In Latin America

683 words - 3 pages "Independence of Latin America" In the 1800's, Latin American countries won independence, but many new independent countries had trouble creating strong, stable governments. The Creoles played an important role in the independent movements. These countries won their independence through strong leaders and many other factors. As soon as these countries won their independence from Spain and Portugal, they did not want to return the way

Demographics In Latin America

5843 words - 23 pages Timing of demographic transition in Latin America and its links with human development (An essay) Introduction The deep and rapid change in the demographic pattern for most of the Latin American countries that occurred as a consequence of fertility decline corresponds to one of the most important population structural changes in the Region in modern times. One of the main effects of this change is the transformation taking place in an age

Clothes In Latin America

700 words - 3 pages Clothes in Chile and general Latin America Clothing styles throughout Latin America vary from region to region and have been influenced through several different sources. Fashion in Latin America today and traditional fashions of Latin America differ dramatically. Climate, location, isolation, population, economy, history, colonial influences are many of the sources that have helped to contribute to these changes.Traditional Latin American

Similar Essays

“What Did The Americas Look Like Before Columbus Arrived? Describe The Social, Political, Scientific, Agricultural, And Architectural Organisation, Weaknesses And Achievements Of Mesoamerica Prior To...

2521 words - 10 pages ][6: Bakewell, 'A History of Latin America to 1825', pp.28-29][7: Bakewell, 'A History of Latin America to 1825', pp.29][8: Shawn Miller, 'An Environmental History of Latin America' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp.29][9: Bakewell, 'A History of Latin America to 1825', pp.29-30]Aztec society was highly structured, based on agriculture, and guided by a religion that was infused in every aspect of daily life. The impressive

The Native Indian Awakening In Latin America

1414 words - 6 pages The Indian Awakening in Latin America                  This book describes difficulties of the Indians who inhabit the following countries: Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Panama, and Brazil. This book is a compilation of the various struggles of indians living in these countries of Latin America. For over four centuries, these people have been taken advantage of by the Europeans who invaded their lands. Many of the

Women In Latin America During The Colonization

983 words - 4 pages Women in Latin America during the Colonization The perception of inequality was evident in the colonial Spanish America, man belief that women were lacked in capacity to reason as soundly as men. A normal day for European women in the new world was generally characterized by male domination, for example marriage was arranged by the fathers, women never go out except to go church, women didn’t have the right to express their opinions about

Poverty In Latin America And The Caribbean

1696 words - 7 pages . It seen as the old story being rewritten, the dynamics surrounding this issue by might be different. It can be said that poverty is not caused by one sole issue, when looking at the as a whole. But in everyday life economic problems of Latin America and the Caribbean can be seen as issues that can be solved separately. Although these issues can be examined separately and do affect individuals differently, these issues can be traced back to one