Life In The New World Prior To European Contact

1370 words - 6 pages

Life in Latin America, also known as the New Word, prior to the Spanish had been completely different than life after the Spanish had arrived and conquered. Before the Spanish arrived in the New World, horses did not roam the land freely and empires killed citizens to ensure that the sun would rise. Before the Spanish arrived they had no knowledge of the New World or the groups of people who lived there. The Olmecs, Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas once inhabited the New World. These groups occupied the land until around the 1500’s when their empires fell or the Spanish took over; some civilizations disappearance still remains a mystery (Historic Mysteries, The History Channel). Prior to European contact, life in Latin America portrayed a duality because the indigenous Americans were knowledgeable and artistic yet violent and lacked erudition in technology.
In Latin America temples were built both for their rulers and also to perform human sacrifice. The significance of the temples extended past just religious rituals. One civilization, the Mayans, built temples that coordinated with the movement of the sun and stars, which required the Mayans to have an equipped understanding of the sky. Some of the temples built by the Mayans still exist one such temple would be the Temple of Kulkulkan.. According to the movie, Engineering an Empire, El Castillo, also known as the Temple of Kulkulkan, stated that this temple has four sides, two of which represent the equinoxes and two that represent the solstices. The Temple of Kulkulkan has 365 steps; one for each day of the year, which is also the time it takes the Earth to complete a full revolution around the sun. The Temple of Kulkulkan additionally was constructed with 52 panels to represent the 52-week cycle in a year. The knowledge the Mayans acquired about stars and the movements of stars was incredible. The Mayans obtained sharp astronomy skills as well as knowledge about math. In fact, the Mayans were the first civilization to possess a math system. They represented the numbers zero and the five before any other civilization. The Mayans depicted the number five with a -, dash. Numbers one, two, three, and four were each represented by a dot ("Maya Calendar"). Their way of recording numbers consisted of a concept similar to the tally marks we use today. An advanced concept for the time is still used today. Not only were the Mayans advanced, but other New World empires such as the Olmec were both advanced and creative also.
Empires flourished with various types of art before the Europeans arrived in Latin America. Some of their art included carvings, sculptures, and paintings. Many of these pieces of art provided historians’ evidence pertaining to these early civilizations, which occupied the land before the Europeans arrived. An example of their art is the 17th head rock sculpture. According to the movie, Secrets of the Ancient Olmec, Anne Cyphers found the 17th head, a rock sculpture, in 1994. Pieces...

Find Another Essay On Life in the New World Prior to European Contact

Expansion to the “New World” Essay

738 words - 3 pages and gold and become very wealthy. Every country heard about and expected to find an unlimited amount of riches. What the Europeans weren’t expecting to find was thousands of different civilizations already living in this unexplored “new world”. There were many different types of explorers of the new world each with their own motives. One such explorer with extremely ambitious desires was Juan Ponce de Leon; he was a Spaniard who ventured into

This essay is about "What Makes a Meaningful Life" and "Why are we here?" In reference to the movie "Contact" with Jody Foster.

628 words - 3 pages continue searching for the truth about human kind and it is up to the individual believer to believe in whatever he wants to believe in. For those who are Christians, life will go on after this physical world has perished. To me, a true meaningful life is eternity with God.

Christianity in the New World

2629 words - 11 pages church established contact with the New World, and made it a goal to establish the Catholicdoctrines among the native population there. The Catholic Church and the Spanish monarch, however, lookedupon the native population in the New World as souls to be saved. They did not consider or treat the Indians asequals. The implanting of Christianity in the New World, and the treatment of the native population by themissionaries and christian conquerors

Religion in the New World.

2221 words - 9 pages conflict and oppression. Religion will always be a dominant force in our history and as well as a debatable one. From the time of sun and war gods, to the first and second great awakenings, to moral reforms, and struggles with slavery and feminism religion have been there conforming, reforming, and oppressing Americans for centuries.In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries America was a New World full of unfamiliarity and new people and ideas

Marijuana in the New World

3300 words - 13 pages Marijuana in the New World The first definite record of the marijuana plant in the New World dates from 1545 AD, when the Spaniards introduced it into Chile. It has been suggested, however, that African slaves familiar with marijuana as an intoxicant and medicine brought the seeds with them to Brazil even earlier in the

Technology in the New World

674 words - 3 pages paper. This is important because it would lower the violent protest that people set out to do and will make the world just a little bit friendlier. Another way technology can help people is how they communicate with others in their lives. For instance, when you can’t see your parents because you are out of the country all you will need to do is download an application called “Skype” and it’ll be like their with you in the room. Another example is

Reading in the New World

751 words - 3 pages Christine TylerProfessor RobertsonEnglish 11131 May 2014Reading in the New WorldAs the development of the culture of America changes so do the opportunities provided. The world is now more technologically advanced than ever before. One area that has made a big change over the years is the way that Americans read. Just ten years ago one would go to the store and buy a newspaper to read or even have one delivered to their home but not anymore. Now

CONTRIBUTION OF WOMEN IN THE ANCIENT WORLD RELATE TO THE EMPRESS OF JAPAN, AND TO THE EUROPEAN EMPIRE

1099 words - 4 pages A person should not be evaluated by his colour, race and sexuality, the one should be judged according to the skills and ideas he/she posses and through which other could be benefited. In history, there were many important kings, warriors and merchants who played an important role in their lives. Most of these were men but there were some handful of women who became more famous as they applied there new ideas and skills towards their ambition

What did The Scientific Revolution Bring to the European World?

1917 words - 8 pages Scientific Revolution has not only widened our eyes towards new inventions but it has also unlocked our brains to question and intellect to rationalize. In fact, Scientific Revolution in seventeenth century is the period of a new change in World History. Renaissance, a revolutionary period in which people developed the study of arts, their new thinking skills become the leading cause of scientific revolution. Europeans gave importance to

Women's roles prior to and during the evolution of the industrial revolution in England.

2963 words - 12 pages Introduction:Women prior to the industrial revolution were recognized as valuable contributors to the wealth of the nation, they were central in the textile and cheese making industry. This was to change drastically as the disappearance of 'traditional' aspects of society evolved into the process called industrial revolution. New technology and capitalistic organization removed women from the primary role in production and deprived them of an

Colonial Slavery in the Western Hemisphere prior to 1793 Thomas Paine.

728 words - 3 pages plantations alone and they found out that they could get cheap labor by having a mass of indentured servants. However, over the course of the 17th century, a race-based system formed. This led to the idea of shipping Africans over to the Americas from the west coast of Africa. These Africans were then the main source of labors in the Americas. They were slaves that were bound for life to there owner, and could be sold or killed as property. On the African

Similar Essays

European Exploitation In The New World

2133 words - 9 pages and slaves from Africa and pushed natives further west. These Western European nations subjugated Native Americans and permanently changed their life style by utilizing their resources and goods for the betterment of their own nations.Spain made much of its wealth from the Americas, enslaving the Natives and plundering the New World of its resources. The Spanish initiated colonialism in the New World after Christopher Columbus "discovered" it

Relating Are World To The World In "Brave New World"

664 words - 3 pages Will what we have come to love ruin us? I believe this statement to be true; the things that we value and pursue will destroy us. As time goes on in the world this idea is becoming even more valid. Eventually, our society will end up much like the society in the book Brave New World. In most ways are world is becoming worse, but in some ways it is also becoming better.In our society today, what we love will come to ruin us. In today's society we

“What Did The Americas Look Like Before Columbus Arrived? Describe The Social, Political, Scientific, Agricultural, And Architectural Organisation, Weaknesses And Achievements Of Mesoamerica Prior To...

2521 words - 10 pages Kyle Schachat563117HIST 3017 - Essay 1Prof. Mucha Musemwa24th April 2014"What did the Americas look like before Columbus arrived? Describe the social, political, scientific, agricultural, and architectural organisation, weaknesses and achievements of Mesoamerica prior to contact with Europeans. Focus on the Incas of Peru and the Aztecs of Mexico only."The South American region at the time of Christopher Columbus's arrival was home to a number of

Eurocentrism And The Right To Dominate In The New World.

1120 words - 4 pages encounters with both Indians and Africans. This allowed Europeans to control people and do whatever they felt they needed to do in order to ensure success in the New World. Europeans considered both Indians and African as sub humans. They regarded them as savages and slaves not worthy of humane treatment because of their darker skin color and thought that their culture was unimportant, unnecessary and backwards because it was different than European