Life Of Alexander The Great. From Birth To Death, This Essay Covers It All. Many Little Known Facts Did You Know That Alexander The Great Was Gay? Even Has A Works Cited!

1698 words - 7 pages

Alexander The GreatAlexander became a new king of Macedonia on an unsteady throne able to conquer the Persian Empire, and was one of the greatest military geniuses this world has ever seen. He ventured farther and won more battles than any conqueror before him. He is forever known as Alexander the Great (Greece page 192).Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, capital of Macedonia. His father was Philip II. Philip was the brother of King Perdiccas of Macedonia. Alexander's mother's name was Olympias, daughter of King Neoptolemus I of Epirus. Alexander had one younger sister named Cleopatra (Encarta pg. 1).The people of Macedonia were a semi-Greek culture. They spoke Greek but they spoke it badly. They did not do what normal Greeks did. The Macedonians were very violent and invaded other lands a lot. They didn't do ships like the other Greeks but they looked and acted Greek. Before Philip became king, he found a deposit of silver and becomes tremendously rich. He became so rich he was able to educate Macedonia with schools. Philip also invented the phalanx. This was a very effective battle strategy that nobody else knew of. (Capen pg. 1)In 359 BC, when Alexander was 3, King Perdiccas died. His young son Amyntas was supposed to take the throne but Philip overthrew his nephew and made himself King Philip II. Philip began to show he was a strong ruler instantly, and in a few decades he conquered most of Greece (Alexander pg. 1).Unfavorably for Alexander and Cleopatra, their parents hated each other a lot. Philip had other less important wives and children that Olympias treated with great enmity, all which was normal at that time. When one of Philip's other wives gave birth to a retarded child named Philip Arridaeus, it was rumored that Olympias poisoned the child to cause his disability. Olympias once told Alexander that Philip wasn't really his father. She said that Zeus was actually his father. This is obviously not true because Philip made sure the boy was well educated using the greatest philosopher at that time, Aristotle, as one of his tutors. Philip wasn't exactly a nice parent either. Alexander had a high-pitched voice that Philip said he should be embarrassed of (Alexander pg.1).Alexander was 10 when he met Bucephalus meaning "bullheaded." Bucephalus was an extremely wild horse that nobody could tame. The horse was offered to Philip, but the trainer could not train him. Alexander said to his dad, "I can manage this horse." Alexander then got on the horse and simply rode him. Philip cried to his son, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little." Alexander rode and tamed an untamable horse (Greece pg. 195).When Alexander was in his teens he became friends with a handsome boy his age named Hephaestion. They were possibly lovers because homosexuality was accepted at that time. His father, Philip, even had many male lovers. Alexander and Hephaestion were surely devoted to each other their entire lives...

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