Life Threatening Disease: Cystic Fibrosis Essay

782 words - 4 pages

Cystic Fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disease that affects 30,000 people in the U.S alone and near 70,000 worldwide. The life-threatening disease primarily affects the digestive system and the respiratory system. It is the cause of a dysfunctional CFTR gene, which disrupts the exocrine functions of the pancreas, biliary tree, bronchial glands and the sweat glands. The gene on chromosome 7 is in charge of moving the salt in and out of the cells within the body. When the cells are not capable for the efficient flow of salts a different kind of mucus is produced. It is abnormally thick and stickier rather than the usual thin and slippery like normal mucus as seen in figure 1. The abnormal ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, the soft tissue inside the rectum may protrude outside the anus.
There are various home remedies that many use to combat the build up of mucus within the lungs. There is a hand held device called a mechanical precursor which mimics the effects of a hand clapping against the chest. By using this device the mucus within the lungs will have become loose and may be able to be coughed up. Another device is called the inflatable vest. The user puts the vest around their vest, it thus vibrates with high frequencies in order to break up mucus. The last machine used is a mask that sends vibrations through the throat and lungs that forces it out. These are all methods that will prolong the use of the lungs, after years of going through CPT ( Chest Physical Therapy) the lungs may be damaged to the point where a lung transplant is needed.
Although cystic fibrosis is regarded as a rare disease, there are thousands of Americans alone affected. The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has great funding and are on their way to finding a cure. A new drug named Kalydeco is the beginning. “The first drug that treats an underlying cause of cystic fibrosis, rather than just the symptoms, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration” (2012, PALLACK) says the NY Times. Even though the current drug that has been available to...

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