Life with Diabetes
There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 Diabetes is diagnosed at birth, type 2 Diabetes can affect anyone at any time in their life, but it is most commonly found in adults over 40. Children and young adults rather than older adults, Caucasians and males are at greater risk of getting type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a lifelong condition, but type 2 can be cured with the right steps taken. If you don’t take control of type 2 Diabetes it can lead to type 1 Diabetes. While anyone can be born with type 1 Diabetes type 2 can come from a number of things, for example being overly stressed or overweight. If Diabetes isn’t properly taken care of the patient can die. Depending on how the patient treats their health will depend on if it is fatal and how long they will live, but anyone with Diabetes can live a normal life. Diabetes was discovered in 1910 by a philosopher named Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, who while studying the pancreas found what non-diabetics make themselves: insulin. In 1916 Elliott Joslin published the first book on how to treat Diabetes. Before 1921 Type 1 Diabetes was fatal but since discovering how to use insulin and give it people with type 1 can live normal long lives.
The only medication a person with type 1 Diabetes can take is insulin they inject. A person with type 2 Diabetes can either take medication orally or by insulin injections. The amount of insulin someone needs to use will depend on what their blood sugar levels are. When taking insulin it is important to check your blood sugar levels so you don’t overdose or don’t inject enough. Insulin is usually taken before meals in the morning. Some people have to take it before every meal they eat. It’s usually injected 15-30 minute prior to eating. Insulin should be injected in the arm, thigh or stomach, when injecting insulin it is important to rotate the injection sites so the skin doesn’t become irritated. The dangers of taking insulin are, if you take too much you run the risk of being hyperglycemic which is...