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A Brief History Of The 16th President Of The United States: Abraham Lincoln

1245 words - 5 pages

Introduction
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He served in office from 1861-1865. Lincoln was a self-taught Illinois lawyer who had a strong regard for challenging slavery. Lincoln’s inauguration to office caused the civil war to break out. He was a knowledgeable leader in this time period of the civil war. In 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed all slaves in the United States. Two years later, in 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Booth.
During his time in office Lincoln abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, preserved the union and modernized the national economy. One of his most influential pieces was the Gettysburg address. It stands as one of the nation’s most famous and influential pieces of speechmaking American history. Perhaps Lincoln’s humble beginnings are what caused him to be an American favorite. Lincoln was a leader and a man of courage. He was influential, honorable and intelligent. Over the years Lincoln’s importance has only grown, and he is widely considered as one of the greatest presidents in the nation’s history. Lincoln’s legacy lives on through the United States forever.
Biographical information/early life
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. Lincoln was the second child of Nancy and Thomas Lincoln. In 1816 his family moved to Indiana. Lincoln’s formal source of schooling was limited to three brief periods in local schools. His parents spent their entire lives struggling in wilderness and poverty. He spent most of his time working in order to support his family. At the age of ten Lincoln’s mother died. In 1830 his family moved to southern Illinois. At this time Lincoln had no former schooling. He also did not know how to read sufficiently. After his mother death, Lincoln’s father went on to marry Sarah Bush Johnston. He became close wih his stepmother and she taught him how to read.
It was in Illinois where Lincoln became more involved in to politics. He found a job as a shopkeeper and postmaster, where he became politically involved with the Whig Party. He won the election to Illinois state legislature in 1834. Lincoln taught himself law through reading law books. In 1836 he was admitted to the bar. He worked as a lawyer in Springfield for the next few years, as a successful lawyer with a powerful reputation. This is where he fell in love with Ann Rutledge but she died, causing him to go into severe depression. Years later, in 1839, Lincoln met Mary Todd. The two got married in 1842 and started a family of four sons. One of their sons died from typhoid fever in 1850, and another after Lincoln’s assassination. Lincoln’s humbled and rough childhood and early life memories are what led him to accomplish great things as a lawyer, in congress and as president of the United States.
Path to the white house
In 1846, Lincoln won election to the United States House of Representatives. He began...

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