The topic for the second paper is: Compare and Contrast Lincoln and Douglas on the Issue of the House Divided. Highly recommended that you read the two articles by Jaffa posted in the "Content" section.
The Lincoln-Douglas debates were part of a larger campaign to achieve political adjectives from the two. Lincoln was running for Douglas’ seat in the senate as a republican. Douglas had been a member of congress since 1843, a national figure for the Democratic Party, who was running for re-election. The debates attracted national attentions, mostly due to Douglas’ persona. Lincoln took advantage and made a name for himself as a prominent contender in national politics. At the time, the Democratic Party was going through a sectional riff, at the time of the debates. Douglas had recently gone against president Buchanan and the southern democrats when he apposed the admission of Kansas as a slave state. Douglass was against the Lecompton constitution; the stand was popular among republicans. The outcome, would have maintained the unity between the Nor and south sections of the Democratic Party. Buchanan, along with the southern democrats, were in favor of Lincolns candidacy, they feared Douglas’ going interest, and for his lack of support to the Democratic leaders. With Douglas receiving support from republicans, Lincoln would have to keep Illinois republicans from supporting Douglas. Lincoln would use the morality of slavery to wedge support away from Douglas’ famous popular sovereignty, while winning support of abolitionist. The house divided quote Lincoln used in his speech was taken from Mark 3:25.
Lincoln would began by warning that the subject of slavery will not go away until there is a crisis that either abolishes slavery from all territories, or allows it.
“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become lawful in all the States, old as well as new — North as well as South.”
In the House Divided speech, Lincoln would argue that the United States could not remain both a slave and free society. The Kansas-Nebraska and the Dred Scott decision will extend slavery thought the rest of the country. The Dred Scott decision by the Supreme Court was a way from toleration of slavery; it will lead for congress or states to not allow the exclusion of slavery from their territories. The decision would not allow Douglas’ arguments of popular sovereignty. Lincoln would lean onto the principals of the Declaration. Lincoln went on to argue that slavery was a moral issue...