This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Linguistic Marker Of Deception Essay

1383 words - 6 pages

Discourse analysis has been inadmissible, but the inclusion of such evidence is arguably relative. As a final example to reiterate that discourse analysis can aid a juror's knowledge on language evidence is the following: language speakers may have their own subjective biases based on the context of the crime, and this may result in presumptions of guilt. According to Robert Leonard, we employ a “prior experience and the storehouse of narratives that each of us carries” (Hitt, 2012) called “schema” (para) when communicating with others. The general idea to this is that people have their own experiences that can mold expectations, and the argument is that perhaps this notion of schema can ...view middle of the document...

However, it should be important to note that people are not always so illogical because of context, since there have been “dissenters” in cases such as threat of murder. Tiersma and Solan (2012), in the formerly mentioned case involving the threat of murder against Ronald Reagan, there were “dissenters” who were not entirely convinced of the man's guilt, since the words “you'll get killed” were “passivized.” (para) The argument here is that he may not have intended on doing the action (para.) It appears that people can focus on the language at hand, even in this kind of severe context involving murder.
Language crimes such as bribery in the case listed above may have greatly created an initial bias in the jury members and the judges. If this notion in schema is as pervasive as it suggests, then arguably in high-risk crimes, an accused charged with murderer may suffer the likelihood of being convicted as a murderer before the evidence has been presented, or even in the face of evidence. So perhaps discourse analysis can be argued as necessity in drawing out the objective facts of an interaction such as what was said in an interaction, and who was it said to, clearly these can be easily missed.
These lists of studies were shown to illustrate that linguists can and do contribute more than just average knowledge of a speaker. They may allow for a better understanding of the exchanges within an interaction. Linguists suffer the possibilities of having their testimony being likened to something like a teleprompter, when in it is perhaps comparable to something more as a tourist guide. But the testimony needs to be presented the right way that differentiates itself everyday speaker knowledge, Shuy (2007) gave transcripts to the jurors in the Davis case. These transcripts were arguably objective because it outlined that the speakers in the recording were overlapping when they were talking and replicated exactly what was going on in the recording (p.). Furthermore, jurors in the case were said to have found it helpful according to Shuy (p.), in other words “not confusing”, despite others claiming that it has often been reported that jurors find discourse analysis testimony as “too confusing” (Tiersma and Solan 2002).
It is arguable then that topic analysis and response analysis are essential tools, since things do get misconstrued or misheard within an exchange. In this respect a linguist's contribution is essential in cases involving language crimes, if presented in the right way, and in the right context. But even though these kinds of analyses help reveal the depths of a conversation to allow for a more accurate inference of the speakers' roles, referents, and can therefore make more accurate judgment of evidence, perhaps these kind of analyses may be relevant for acts that are deeper and more covert, like the act of deception. But uncovering such as act is no easy feat, as it will be revealed, but psychological research has contributed many...

Find Another Essay On Linguistic Marker of Deception

The Power of English Explored in the First Three Novels of Mulk Raj Anand

4308 words - 17 pages . The white man’s language becomes a marker of his power.”2 However, native reverence for the foreign tongue was also necessary for the completion of linguistic hegemony. This is not possible until English comes to enjoy, in important domains, a position of superiority over native languages. Consequently, the native population became desperate for English education without which they thought, there would be no hope of intellectual progress or even

Telugu case systems Essay

2385 words - 10 pages , and neuter. English does not use the neuter.  Dravidian languages have only a few diphthongs. Learners tend to pronounce each letter in the English diphthongs as two separate short vowels ex; paint as pe(y) int.  Because Telugu is an inflected language, learners have a hard time getting used to inverted word order and may add a negative marker at the end of a question, like "You are hungry, no?"  Telugu has a more complex

Telugu case system

2385 words - 10 pages , and neuter. English does not use the neuter.  Dravidian languages have only a few diphthongs. Learners tend to pronounce each letter in the English diphthongs as two separate short vowels ex; paint as pe(y) int.  Because Telugu is an inflected language, learners have a hard time getting used to inverted word order and may add a negative marker at the end of a question, like "You are hungry, no?"  Telugu has a more complex

Research into Autism

1073 words - 4 pages appears to be a distinctive feature of autism. There is a great deal of empirical and anecdotal evidence to support this theory. The theory of executive dysfunction focuses on the learning and information processing abilities of autism sufferers. Signs of executive dysfunction include mental rigidity and perseveration.The strategic deception test was formulated in order to discover whether failure on a deception task was due to a theory of mind

Movie Essays - Narrative Holes in Films of Shakespeare's Plays

2156 words - 9 pages narrative promise and recollection of those corollaries. Kenneth Branagh chose to show the audience the deception scene in his film of Much Ado About Nothing (Branagh 1993) and he broke III.ii after Don John says "I know not that [Claudio means to marry] when he knows what I know" to cut to an interior shot of excited kissing between Borachio and Margaret, although from behind Imelda Staunton playing Margaret might easily be mistaken for Kate

An Efficient Hierarchy/Graph Texts Organization and Representation Schema

787 words - 4 pages , adjective and adverb). Tagging techniques are used to specify word-form for each single word in a sentence, and each word is tagged as a Part Of Speech (POS) [15]. Syntactic analysis applies phrase marker, or labeled bracketing techniques to segment NL as phrases, clauses and sentences, so that the NL is identified by syntactical/grammatical annotations. While sentence grammatical features are subject , verb , object and complement, the parser

To what extent has DNA technology helped our understanding of human colonisation and the spread of agriculture in Europe over the past 10 000 years? How is this supported by language evidence?

1741 words - 7 pages predict (Zvelebil 1986). To solve this puzzle, modern ethnographic evidence indicates there may have been contact zones existing between neighbouring hunter-gatherers and farming communities, which involved cultural, marital and linguistic exchange. According to Evison "Farming may have been a free choice of relatively minor consequence for many Mesolithic communities".(p620) Social relationships following marriage or exchange may have developed

Nepali Interlanguage Research

1683 words - 7 pages theories of cross linguistic influence in second language acquisition to determine the likely interlanguage forms of native Nepali speakers learning English. What is the expected structure of the interlanguage of a native Nepali speaker learning English?] Cross Linguistic Influence and SLA Adults learning a second language are subject to the influence of their first language on the cognitive development of their second language. In fact

Packet Three Semester Two

894 words - 4 pages weave lies and deception until one is lost from the truth, similar to being lost in Dante’s True Way. “Perhaps Shakespeare's most evil figure...he effortlessly manipulates all those around him to do his bidding...by taking advantage of their trust and using his victim's own motivations…and weaknesses...to achieve his ends” (Othello Characters). Puck, from A Midsummer Night’s Dream, is also very linguistic, but he uses his skills for trickery and

Emotions in Negotiations

1808 words - 8 pages decision making is contingent on prior accurate emotional processing. The basis for this is the somatic marker hypothesis. The somatic marker hypothesis provides a systems level neuroanatomical and cognitive framework for decision-making, the impact, and influence on it by emotions. The key idea of this hypothesis is that decision-making is a process that is influenced by marker signals that arise in bio regulatory processes, which includes

Lucy Grealy's Autobiography of a Face

1428 words - 6 pages from behind my Halloween mask all those years ago. As a child I had expected my liberation to come from getting a new face to put on, but not I saw it came from shedding something, shedding my image"(Grealy 222). Grealy sheds her physical identity (she no longer looks in mirrors), which happens before the writing of this novel, leaving Autobiography of a Face entirely a linguistic identity. The only marker of physical identity in this

Similar Essays

Forensic Linguistics: Linguistic Markers Of Deception

1248 words - 5 pages factors that will be explained. Works Cited Armistead, T. W. (2012). The detection of deception by linguistic means. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 35(2), 304-326. doi:10.1108/13639511211230075 Brinkley, C. A., Bernstein, A., & Newman, J. P. (1999). Coherence in the narratives of psychopathic and nonpsychopathic criminal offenders. Personality and Individual Differences, 27(3), 519-530. doi:10.1016/S0191

Essay

962 words - 4 pages (1989, in: Ekman, O'Sullivan and Frank 1999: 1). According to Burgoon and Buller, a liar tries hard to be a controller of the message he or she sends and uses vocabulary that is analysed by that person in advance of sending the message (2013: 3). There are certain linguistic behaviour that might show deception. One of such behaviours might be trying hard to produce such an utterance that a receiver of the message might perceive as sincere and true

Language And Culture Essay

1074 words - 5 pages also utilize culture to systematically adapt and alter the environments that surround them (Lavenda & Schultz, 2008). Culture truly is a fascinating thing, as it is the most defining feature that distinguishes Homo sapiens from other biological animal species. One of the most significant components of culture is the deeply intricate idea of language. Language, as a cultural marker, has received more recognition and analysis than seemingly any

Discourse Markers And Their Functions In Khorramabadi Variety Of Lori

995 words - 4 pages . The researcher just indicated to the selected speaker’s statements. It works as an intonational cue, by rising intonation the speaker wants to signal something significant or as back channel to assure the speaker that the hearer is following his/her speech. REFERENCES Cohen, E. (2007). Discourse markers: context and context sensitivity. Proceedings of the Israeli Linguistic Society 16. Degand, L. (2009). On describing polysemous discourse