Literary Devices in a raisin in the sun.
1. Symbolism: An important quality that is given to a tangible thing or something abstract.
Quote: “MAMA enters from her bedroom. She is lost, vague, trying to catch hold, to make some sense of her former command of the world, but it still eludes her. A sense of waste overwhelms her gait; a measure of apology rides on her shoulders. She goes to her plant, which has remained on the table, looks at it, picks it up and takes it to the windowsill and sits it outside, and she stands and looks at it a long moment. Then she closes the window, straightens her body with effort and turns around to her children”
Analysis: This passage is at the end of the book the plant is symbolic for family. Mama puts the plant by the apartment’s single window it is it is not very healthy due to the lack of light in the younger’s home. Yet she is completely dedicated to the plant and lovingly tends to it every single day in the hopes that in the future it will be happy. The plant being left on the table shows that it was neglected which ties into where she is at life with her family also showing them neglect as well. Once she places the plant on the window she has returned to her normal self and has then proceeded to give her family what they need to succeed and flourish.
2. Irony: Expressing a meaning by saying the opposite of how the meaning is normally.
Quote: “Well – I don’t understand why you people are reacting this way. What do you think you are going to gain by moving into a neighborhood where you just aren’t wanted and where some elements – well – people can get awful worked up when they feel that their whole way of life and everything they’ve ever worked for is threatened.”
Analysis: This passage is spoken by Lindner to the younger family and explains that the people he represents have worked hard to achieve their dreams. Its ironic because throughout history black Americans have lead hard working, poverty stricken lives. From 1555 to 1865 many black Americans were taken from their homes in africa and brought to America to be slaves working in harsh conditions. Slaves were beaten and forced to work outside for a long periods of time. Even after slavery was illegal they were still treated badly by white people. This shows how difficult it was to achieve the American Dream for black Americans at this time. Whereas white people had much simpler lives and just had to worry about an income.
3. Imagery: A scene in a book that is well described and gives you a sense of being there in that moment.
Quote: “Now the once loved pattern of the couch upholstery has to fight to show itself from under acres of crocheted doilies and couch covers which have themselves finally come to be more important than the upholstery. And here a table or a chair has been moved to disguise the worn places in the carpet; but the carpet has fought back by showing its weariness, with depressing uniformity, elsewhere on its surface.Weariness has, in fact,...