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Literary Elements In Lord Of The Flies

1034 words - 5 pages

Paradise. That is what the stranded boys think once they have reached the island. No adults, no rules, just free time all day. Little do the boys know this little island is exactly the opposite. Lord of The Flies, an allegorical novel written by William Golding, is about a group of British schoolboys who are deserted near a tropical island in the middle of no where. At the beginning of the book their goal is to be rescued, but, this becomes harder to achieve as fear and superstition infiltrate their minds. At first, the boys appear to be getting along, by the end the tribe have split and the boys become savages. The events of the novel are riddled with literary elements that attach ideas and themes that help to deepen their meaning, some of these elements include symbolism, imagery and irony. The Lord of the Flies also explores psychological theories such bystander effect and the effects of hierarchy on the human psyche.
In The Lord of The Flies there are three main literary elements, symbolism, allegory and imagery. Symbolism is the attaching of an idea to an inanimate object, or the investing it with higher meaning. A couple of the main symbols are, Piggy’s glasses, the conch and the fire. The symbolism of Piggy’s glasses are fairly simple, they're intended for looking through, thus giving vision; vision can also be described as sight, which is a metaphor for knowledge. The next symbol is the conch. Piggy and Ralph spot the conch at the beginning of the book and decide to use it to call a meeting. Ralph and Piggy are then thinking, their island society is off to a good start. Later, the boys impose a "rule of the conch" on themselves, deciding that no one can speak unless one is holding the conch. As a representative of law and order, the conch helps Ralph get elected. "The being that had blown that, had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on his knees, was set apart" (76). The last main symbol is the signal fire. From the very beginning of the novel, Ralph is determined to keep a signal fire going, in the case that a ship passes near the island. He wants to be rescued as soon as possible just like all the other boys. In this story the signal fire symbolizes, paradoxically, of both hope of rescue.
The next literary element is imagery. Imagery can be described as a set of mental pictures or images that help enlighten the reader. For example, the entire setting of William Golding's Lord of the Flies is integral to the story. The schoolboys have been left stranded on an island and their trouble begins immediately. Golding uses various kinds of imagery to depict each significant place on the island, such as calling the place where the airplane sliced through the brush "the scar." One of the most vivid and haunting uses of imagery can be found in the description of the patch of island which the boys burn what they intended to be a small fire. The most notable imagery...

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