Literary Study Essay

1663 words - 7 pages

The Beginning's of Literary Study - For Dummies J A Modified Version of R. L. McGuire's Passionate Attention: an introduction to literary study.Literature and criticism Authors basic assumption of a book- the reading and the study of literature cannot and do not take place outside the context of human values.One's unique personal experiences are from whence their values are formed. These values come to light as a reader reads or a writer writes.Literature is a record of specific personal perceptions: H. Read-"the outer image of inward things".Literature proves the richness not the limitations of being human.Literary criticism is discernment-the ability to see.The student needs to form their own critical criteria and offer an interpretation of the work based on those criteria.Judgmental reviewing is narrow and only one aspect of literary criticism. The value of criticism is not that it lays down laws that any reader must follow, but that it offers a new way of seeing a literary work, which may not have been possible to the reader.For example in the critical analysis of a poem the reader might look for the connections between words, stanzas, structure and ideas.The four basic approaches to literary criticism are: 1) the mimetic 2) the pragmatic 3) the expressive 4) the objective Mimetic approach- describes the relationship of the literary work to the world or the universe in which the work was conceived or being read.Pragmatic approach- describes the effects of the work on its audience.Expressive approach- proposes the study of the relationship of the work to the writer: biographical, psychological, history, culture.Objective approach- is that which studies the work in and for itself without reference to the world in which it exists, its effect on its readers, or the works relationship to the author.The work for itself Objective criticism- the study of a literary work is done without reference to the mimetic, pragmatic, or expressive possibilities of interpretation. This type of criticism regards the literary work as an object in and for itself because it is art and the work of an individual artist.The literary work is a craft, a constructed pattern of words, and the basis for our speculations, for its truth, its revelation, and its power.Descriptive Critical Activities- seeks primarily to describe a text. It is the approach to the work for itself in its simplest form. It is employed on revisions, editions, and on the finished version. Concern lies with the resulting product and its theme or central idea.Generic criticism- study of the work for itself, the types of literature this criticism employs is poems, novels, and plays.The study of poetics or prosody is the learning of basic metrical patterns and verbal effects: iambic, tetrameter, couplets, alliteration, rhyme, etc?. This type of study serves to remind us of a vital aspect of the writers' art. The writer is a craftsman of sound and effect as well as ideas. Keep in mind that writers can be...

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