The intention of the paper is to exhibit a comprehensive reading of literary luminaries who contributed to the stock of English vocabulary. English language has the most enriched vocabulary of the world. It is famous for its derivative, assimilative, structural and flexible features. English people have inquisitive mind and they add to their stock what they found essential for them. So I shall show indebtedness of English language towards the great luminaries. It has influence of foreign vocabulary. English language can be called a language of massive efforts and it is a collage. It has got influenced and it has also influenced several languages.
Literature and linguistic aesthetics are two phase of a single paper, without one other has no value. English luminaries do not only created great works but also enriched its vocabulary. English is a living and growing language. The vocabulary of English is so rich because of its digestive, assimilative, inventive and derivative features. It has assimilated words and phraseology from Greek, Latin, French, Scandinavian, Hindi, Urdu and American dialects. It did not only assimilate but made everything of its own. Time to time essayists, poets, novelists, philosophers, scientists and thinkers added its treasure with words and phrases. It has discarded, replaced, and modified a large number of words. It is remarkable to note how a dialect became an international language. It has become the language of international communication and business.
During old English period (450-1150), Middle English period (1150-1500) and Modern English period (1500 -1945) a large number of words were borrowed from French, Latin, and Celtic Civilization and other foreign languages; if we talk about its borrowing nature. The old English vocabulary, despite minor borrowings, remained overwhelmingly Teutonic. The vocabulary of English was enriched by means of combination and external borrowings. It was only through Norman Conquest (1066) that a large number of foreign words entered the English vocabulary. There are several foreign words and expressions English language but there is no problem in understanding it because they have become common.
Conquests are not only conquests of countries or cultures or races but also a great mixture of their languages. The conquest of the Celts (1066) did the same thing. The result can be seen in the name of places like- Devonshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, and so more.
English vocabulary is much indebted to Latin. The introduction of Latin words into English vocabulary has taken place over a considerable period. It was result of Britain’s contact with Latin civilization.
A bundle of words were transmitted into English vocabulary with Christianizing of England in 597 A. D. Several words regarding religion came into English vocabulary like– church, bishop, angle, psalm, hymn, minister, canon, anthem, pope, canonization, monastery etc.
During the renaissance period a number of Latin, Greek and...