Literary Review Of Prior Studies

895 words - 4 pages

Literary Review of Prior StudiesThere are a number of studies about the artistic values of A passage to India as a novel. Firstly, one of the basic studies is by David Sidorsky entitled "The Use of the Philosophy of G. E. Moore in the Works of E. M. Forster". Sidorsky shows us to what extent E. M. Forster was affected by G. E. Moore's philosophy (especially in Moore's books, Principia Ethica and A Defence of Commonsense). Sindorsky indicates that Forster's novels exhibit his faith in the primacy of personal relations that reflected the influence of Moore's ethical theory. ( Sidorsky, 2007:247). Personal relations include the relation between the colonizer and colonizee and also even the relations among people of the same country. Relations as such are revealed by the message of Moorism carried out by Mrs. Moor serves to rectify a potential injustice. Besides, the personal relationship between Cyril Fielding and Dr. Aziz is not restored. In this regard, Forster concludes the difference of colonial status in the public realm that is internalized by the Indian Muslim doctor renders impossible a satisfactory personal relationship with a British resident in imperial India. Later on, Forster adopted the idea of personal relationship as an ideology that should be defended. Thus, Forster's essay (1977:68) " What I Believe", points out ,"Personal relations are despised today. They are regarded as bourgeois luxuries, as products of a time of fair weather which is now past, and we are urged to get rid of them, and to dedicate ourselves to some movement or cause instead. I hate the idea of causes, and if I had to choose between betraying my country and betraying my friend, I hope I should have the guts to betray my country."He adds, " if people continue to kill one another as they do, the world cannot get better, then it is … what is good in people … is their insistence on creation, their belief in friendship and loyalty for their own sake" (Ibid:71).Secondly, another study is the characterization of the novel that has been studied by Martin Price in his essay " People of the Book: Character in Forster's A Passage to India". Despite the fact that there is one of the main characters of the novel, Dr. Aziz, who is the most fully realized character, we see him as a host and guest, as friend and father. As a Moslem he is more rationalist in his religion than the Hindu, perhaps even more than Christian like Moore. He is warm, generous eager to be loved and shown regard, andalso prickly, resentful, easily depressed and frightened" (Price,1975:613), asan example of Dr. Aziz's speech:38- he possessed a soul that could suffer but not stifle and led a...

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