1. Literature Review
1.1 Significance of Oral Health
Oral health is important to everyone. People may need to face their own oral problems. Some important findings has been explored. According to the 2001 Oral health Survey established by Department of Health(2001) in Hong Kong and Annual Report 2010 of Bureau of Health Promotion in Taiwan(2010), 9 persons in ten have different level of periodontal disease. This indicates that people may not maintain a good oral health and do not have enough knowledge to having good oral health. Serious periodontal disease may affect the normal life of people. They may difficult to chew and loss of tooth affects the appearance of the people.
Getting a good oral health can show the condition of body and reduce the getting other diseases in our body. Some reports have shown that periodontal disease has a relationship with a stroke, heart disease. Pregnant with periodontal disease also get a higher chance having low birth weight babies. Oral infections are the symptoms of some of the diseases. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000)Furthermore, a survey found that the dental decay and poor oral hygiene are the potential risk factors of having pneumonia. Also, a better oral health can reduce the occurrence of pneumonia. (Azarpazhooh & Leake, 2006) Maintaining oral health not only a matter of oral, but also related to our health of whole body. In addition, people with loss of tooth may not chew food enough, which may cause the digestive problems of digestive system. People may not underestimated the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene.
The following research will be focused on discussing the knowledge and attitude towards oral health.
In a research in North Jordan found that there are 60 percent of respondents to have the knowledge of treatment of toothache. However, 68 percent of respondents did not know what dental treatment is needed dealing with toothache. Moreover, 82 percent of respondents they know regular dental visits are important to oral health and they have positive attitude to dental visits. Nevertheless, only 30 percent of respondents have regular dental visits. (Al-Omiri, Al-Wahadni & Saeed, 2006) It shows there are not enough knowledge for people know the treatment used in dental care. And they may not perform good habit of dental visit in their daily life. It can be explained that it may be a financial burden to some of the people.
The following research show the significant different of knowledge haven between students with different year of study, developing and developed countries and people living in rural area and urban areas.
In a survey among the knowledge of university students, it indicates that students from higher level of study have better knowledge about periodontal disease and the preventive measures to periodontal disease. Also, students from scientific faculties have better knowledge of humanities faculties. (Al-Zarea, 2013) It can be shown that...