Minor Studies about Facebook’s Impacts on Academic Performance
Few studies found that there is no relationship between Facebook and college students’ academic performance. For instance, Sana Louis examines that Facebook has no significant effect on students’ achievement. In his research, she surveyed large number of undergraduate students (203) and employed two different types of data analysis. Focusing on the same type of participants, Syarif Husin Lubis et. al. also found that there is no difference of academic performance between Facebook users and non users. Although Lubis surveyed smaller number of participants (80), Lubis’ research is more thorough than Louis because it employs more control variables. Furthermore, unlike Louis, Lubis et al. are more detailed in their research by examining and comparing the result of the study based on race and gender. Moreover, Lubis and Louis’ differ in determining the type of academic performance that becomes the focus of the study. While Lubis et al. focuses mostly on college students’ GPA, Lubis places more concern on cognitive absorption and its correlation to students’ satisfaction with family. Despite these differences in study’s methodology, Louis and Lubis et al. agree that college students’ academic and Facebook’s usage are two separate things and they are not associated one to each other. Moreover, they agree that Facebook does not distract college student’s concentration in studying, thus, having no impact on their academic performances.
Despite their findings, the study done by Lubis et. al. and Louis are subject to some limitations. Both studies draw their samples from the same university in a specific field, thus making their samples less representative. Also, both studies employ self-reported method to measure Facebook usage. In later study, Junco underlines that self report method is substantially inaccurate and lack of necessary information. Therefore, this method might impair the standard of the validity of the studies done by Lubis and Louis, and significantly affects the result of their study. Furthermore, there are some inconsistencies in the conclusion of both studies. For instance, while Rouis strongly agree that Facebook is not associated with academic performance, she suggests that students with multitasking abilities might experience positive impact of Facebook usage in their study outcomes. Similar with Rouis, Lubis indicates that Facebook might affect academic performance of students with a different race. Therefore, although Rouis and Lubis agree that Facebook has no correlation with academic performance, they provide a preliminary insight to most research that, in certain circumstances, Facebook is possibly affect students’ academic outcomes.
Facebook and Grade Point Average
Most research indicates that there is a significant relationship between Facebook and college students’ GPAs. Paul A. Kirschner and Aryn C. Karspinki show that Facebook can lower college student’s...