This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Literature Review On Employee Motivation

2725 words - 11 pages

Chapter-2

Review of literature

Motivation:
Motivation is the reason or reasons for engaging in a particular behavior as studied in economics, psychology and neuropsychology. These reasons may include basic needs such as food or desired object, hobbies, goal, state of being or ideal. The motivation for behavior may also be attributed to less- apparent reasons such as altruism or morality. Motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior.

Gray and Starke defined motivation as “the result of processes, internal or external to the individual, that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action.”

Sayles defined motivation as “the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal.”

R.M. Steers and L.W. Porter proposed that “how behavior gets started, is energized, is sustained, is directed, is stopped and what kind of subjective reaction is present in the organization while all this is going on”

Greenberg & Baron define motivation as, “The set of processes that arouse, direct, and maintain human behavior towards attaining some goal.”

Halepota defines motivation as “a person’s active participation and commitment to achieve the prescribed results.”

Steers proposed that “Never before and, some would argue, never since has so much progress been made in explicating the aetiology of work motivation”

Young suggested that “motivation can be defined in a variety of ways, depending on who you ask .Ask some one on the street, you may get a response like “its what drives us” or “its what make us do the things we do.” Therefore motivation is the force within an individual that account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort expended at work.”

According to Antomioni, “the amount of effort people are willing to put in their work depends on the degree to which they feel their motivational needs will be satisfied. On the other hand, individuals become de-motivated if they feel something in the organization prevents them from attaining good outcomes.”

Bassett-Jones &Lloyd presents that “the two views of human nature underlay early research into employee motivation. The first view focuses on Taylorism, which viewed people as basically lazy and work –shy”, and thus held that these set of employees can only be motivated by external stimulation. The second view was based on Hawthorn findings, which held the view that employees are motivated to work well for “its own sake” as well as for the social and monetary benefits this type of motivation was internally motivated.”

Pinder described work motivation as “the set of internal and external forces that initiate work-related behavior, and determine its form, direction, intensity and duration”.

Types of Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic motivation means that the individual's motivational stimuli are coming from within. The individual has the desire to perform a...

Find Another Essay On Literature Review on Employee Motivation

Literature Review on Organizational Change and Mergers

2364 words - 10 pages , 2004). It is one of the purposes of this project to examine the effects of the merger on the culture of both departments. However, despite previous research on the impact of mergers on organizational culture (Stahl & Voight, 2007; Weber & Camerer, 2003), no such studies exist in the context of a fire department merger. This review of current literature provides a detailed summary of research conducted on organizational change, culture, and mergers

A Literature Review on Post Occupancy Evaluation

2061 words - 9 pages Introduction: Through out this essay I will conduct a literature review on post occupancy evaluation, to give the reader and myself a better understanding what A Post occupancy evaluation (POE) is. I will also look into how it works for different people involved with the building and what benefits it may have for both the client and the users of the site. I will be looking for research to back up the use of this particular way of gathering

Literature Review on Zora Neale Hurston

1551 words - 7 pages Cabrera." African American Review 39, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 337-353. MLA International Bibliography, EBSCOhost. Jirousek, Lori. "Ethnics and Ethnographers: Zora Neale Hurston and Anzia Yezierska." Journal Of Modern Literature 29, no. 2 (Winter 2006): 19-32. MLA International Bibliography, EBSCOhost. Staple, Jennifer. "Zora Neale Hurston's Construction of Authenticity Through Ethnographic Innovation." Western Journal Of Black Studies 30, no. 1 (Spring2006 2006): 62-68. America: History & Life, EBSCOhost.

Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis

1814 words - 7 pages Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis Freud initiated a therapy called psychoanalysis towards helping patients overcome mental problems, using an in depth analyze of a patient’s dream. Freudian psychoanalysis assumes that dreams fulfill a certain function. Freud considers dreams as a mental activity also experienced by our ancestors. The mind begins to disconnect from the external world during sleep but remains in an

Employee Motivation The political, economic, social and technological environment all impinge on the effectiveness of business

3979 words - 16 pages they are concerned with the thought-processes that influence workers' behaviour.Content theories focus on what actually motivates people; they study the needs that must be satisfied in order for the employee to be motivated. The need is either satisfied by an extrinsic reward or by intrinsic satisfaction.Process Theories in PracticeMajor process theories of motivation include:he Expectancy Theory, Vroom (1964)he Goal Theory, Latham

Literature Review on How Insurance Companies Identify Fraud

1517 words - 7 pages LITERATURE REVIEW Fraud in insurance companies As According to Verma and Mani (2002) analytics can contribute in accompanying your enterprise technologies into a social networking era, Big Data and CRM to crack down on financial offenders. Verma and Mani (2002) highlighted that the increasing number of mobile devices and social media platforms are bringing significant transformations in the world of business including the insurance sector

Literature Review on the Integration of Technology in the Classroom

2242 words - 9 pages Literature review will be conducted to examine and critiqued previous research regarding integrating technology in the classroom. The number students that use or have access to technology on a daily base increases daily. Technology has reshaped our educational system, from integration in the classroom, collaborating with peers, and how test are administered to students. Integrating technology in our educational system can assist the special

Literature Review on Writting Well - Reasearch and Writting - Essay

715 words - 3 pages 1 Colbert Trey Colbert Research and Writing Techniques 6308 John Perry, Ph.D. September 10, 2017 Lit Review On Writing Well The book On Writing Well, by William Zinsser has its high and low points. This book talks to you on how to become a better writer. Splitting the book into four parts: Principles, Methods, Forms, and Attitudes. Principals being the focus of this literature review, discussing what was talked about in the principals sections

Literature Review on the Importance of Eating Breakfast

712 words - 3 pages Literature review Breakfast is known to be the most important meal of the day. In 2001, The Statistic Portal showed that in the United States, 28 percent of the male respondents skip breakfast while 18 percent of the female respondents who skip breakfast are between 18 to 34 years old. On the other hand, in Scotland, research showed that almost 30 percent of the 15-year-old girls are more often to skip their breakfast while boys aged 15 displays

Literature Review on Behaviour modification strategies used in classrooms

2546 words - 10 pages individuality of the child's behaviour. There can be very little uniformity in a teacher administering the same strategy for the same behaviour for all students. This is all the reason for the students to have some say in their own discipline. The current research will examine the students' perception on the four common strategies (Yelling, Time-out, Talking to the child and Permissiveness) used by classroom teachers.The four strategies for review in the

Review of Literature on Abortion in the Family

1370 words - 5 pages Review of Literature on Abortion in the Family Abortion is a very controversial subject that has been continuously argued over for the past few years and probably for many more years to come. Women who are making the decision are effected emotionally, mentally, and physically since their bodies are going through many changes which it is not accustomed to. The main controversy is, who's right is it to abort? Many will argue and say it

Similar Essays

Employee Empowerment: Literature Review

2296 words - 9 pages ), pp.164-170. Heskett, J.L., Jones, T.O., Loveman, G.W., Sasser Jr., W.E., Leonard and Schlesinger, L.A., 2008. Putting the service profit chain to work. Harvard Business Review, July. Honold, L.,1997. A review of the literature on employee empowerment. Empowerment in Organisations, 5(4), pp.202-212. Jha, S., 2013. Managerial practices, transformational leadership, customer satisfaction and self efficacy as antecedents of psycological

Literature Review On Advertising

3497 words - 14 pages CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction Advertising is increasingly important in our modern life (Munusamy & Wong, 2007). It was because it can use to transmit a message to a great number of audiences easily (Al-Boloshi, 2010). Hence, many researchers have done their research about advertising. For example, there are many researchers test about the entertainment, informativeness, and credibility of mobile advertising (Haghirian

Employee Motivation And Impact On Overall Productivity And Organizational Survival

755 words - 4 pages ://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/06/30/americans-hate-jobs-office-perks/2457089/ Hezberg, F. (2003, January). One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees? Retrieved March 26, 2014, from Harvard Business Review: http://hbr.org/2003/01/one-more-time-how-do-you-motivate-employees/ar/1 Lindner, J. (1998). Understanding Employee Motivation . Journal of Externsion. Michael, B. S. (2013, February 5). Motivation in the Workplace for Optimal Results Is Not a 'One Size Fits All' Implementation . Retrieved March 26, 2014, from Huff Post Business: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-s-broder-phd/employee-motivation-productivity-_b_2615208.html

Outline And Literature Review On Management

721 words - 3 pages Literature Review OutlineMotivation of employees and creating harmony in the workplaceThree issues that considerably add to higher levels of employee motivation and performance, Nemerov (1993)Supervisors should enhance the motivational climate in the workplace, Atwood (2004)Employees Motivation and Theories and their Implication for EmployeeRetention within Organizations, Ramlall (2004)Management style of managers in Sierra Leone is based on