Literature review will be conducted to examine and critiqued previous research regarding integrating technology in the classroom. The number students that use or have access to technology on a daily base increases daily. Technology has reshaped our educational system, from integration in the classroom, collaborating with peers, and how test are administered to students. Integrating technology in our educational system can assist the special needs students and prepare students for 21st century employment.
Integrating technology in the 21st century classroom would be one of the most powerful tools that we can implement in our classrooms, schools, and districts. Technology is growing at such a rapid pace integrating technology only prepares our students for their future. “They are growing up with technology all around them and from an early age have an understanding of how to use computers” (Shields and Behrman, 2000). Our education system needs to be revamped, not only is technology in every aspect of our lives, our education system is lagging behind in integrating technology in the classrooms.
Every effort is being made in implementing technology in the classroom. The traditional way of teaching should be that of the pass. Technology has evolved in such a way that a new learning environment should be implemented or at least attempted to encourage students develop the necessary skills to be more confident in their learning environment. By creating a more active learning environment that students are allowed to collaborate with peers only enhances their critical thinking skills. “The participation required when children are grouped around a computer, as opposed to working in isolation at individual computers, can have a positive effect on performance” (Ungerleider and Burns 2002). There is an abundance of research that when students work in groups, they enhance their critical thinking skills. Students working in a group hold informal discussion about what their expectations are to vary of topics. “Learning research has shown that students learn best by actively “constructing” knowledge from a combination of experience, interpretation, and structured interactions with peers and teachers” (Roschelle). Teachers that encourage constructivism approach are promoting students to be more motivated which benefits the group by creating a positive learning environment.
Integrating technology in the classroom allows instructors to provide immediate feedback to their students. In a traditional approach teachers have limited interaction with students to necessary feedback. Technology being implemented in classrooms can have a positive effect on teachers and students. Teachers can provide the assign homework, quizzes, test and discussions. Teachers can monitor and provide instant feedback and grades to their students. Students can benefit with technology in the classroom by participating in the class discussions. There are students that are normally shy in...