This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Literature Review On The Use Of Treated Water For Concrete Use.

2055 words - 9 pages

Objective:

Main objective of literature review of the paper was to study the utilization of treated water or reclaimed water for use in concrete mix and for construction purpose. Recycled water is generally treated as reclaimed water means water recycled from various sources.

Introduction:

Due to rapid industrialization, urbanization, the effect of globalization all through the world increased the consumption of concrete in construction works. As such concrete playing a major role in development of infrastructure facilities. Concrete a mixture of cement, water, course aggregate, fine aggregates; increase in consumption of concrete increased the utilization of natural resources. Water a major component in making concrete mix as we say potable water or domestic water used for drinking purpose is suitable for concrete mix.

Scarcity in potable water is made to look for alternative sources of potable water. Only about 2% fresh water is available in the world of which nearly 96% is locked in the form of polar ice and snow. Water for concrete is used in two ways of, for mixing concrete and for curing purpose. Quality and quantity of water used in concrete will directly effects the properties of concrete like, setting times, strength, workability properties. The treated waste water or reclaimed water is an alternative source for water collected at the initial stage of treatment from various industries, domestic purposes, boilers etc, can be collected and is used for concrete mixing purpose.

Water for concrete purpose:

Potable water that is free from organic matter is used for concrete mixing. Actually water forms cement paste that is made by cementations materials by reaction process known as hydration. The cement paste that is formed is used to bind the fine aggregate and coarse aggregates forms a solid material known as concrete. The cement paste generally termed as C-S-H gel, commonly calcium silicate hydrate gel formed by the reaction of C3S compound

C3S + H → C-S-H + CH
Ca3Sio5 + H2O → (Cao) . (Sio2) . (H2o) gel + Ca (OH)2

Effect of water on strength of concrete:

The strength of concrete depends upon water cement ratio, the relationship will be given by strength to cement paste in concrete and cement paste to porosity present in concrete and porosity is a function of water cement ratio.
Cement paste which is formed by mixing water is cementations materials, makes reaction known as hydration, water plays a key role in this hydration process and major compounds forms chemical bonds with water molecules the final product will be hydrates or hydration products.

In hydration process cement will undergo chemical changes in slow and forms new crystalline materials, heat will be evolved and hardened cement paste which is known as binder, controls the properties of the concrete.

And hence water is to be free from external materials and pure, so that other side reactions caused by...

Find Another Essay On LITERATURE REVIEW ON THE USE OF TREATED WATER FOR CONCRETE USE.

The Use of Satirie in Literature

1380 words - 6 pages hypocrisy (“Irony: Explained”). Heroes are supposed to be the perfect human performing duties to serve their society but yet in the story Beowulf the hero is in it for the fame! Ironic that his purpose is to help his people around him and yet when he dies he wants everyone to see his grave to remember his heroic acts, instead of being content with the cities existence. Engineers do not build statues on buildings they designed; it’s funny that

Resarch on use of fly ash and copper slag in concrete

1720 words - 7 pages plants and under-water structures.In this work, an extensive study using copper slag has been carried out to investigate the following:1. To find the optimum proportion of Copper Slag that can be used as a replacement/ substitute material for fine aggregate in concrete2. To find the optimum proportion of Fly Ash that can be used as a replacement/ substitute material for cement in concrete.3. To evaluate compressive and tensile strength of copper slag

Use of Tone in Literature

953 words - 4 pages For example, if the events that took place in The Things They Carried were described in a newspaper, we might understand what happened, who died, and what was statistically important, but we probably wouldn't be told why certain things happened, how people felt about these things, and what emotional toll the the soldiers endured. In this particular story, tone acts as spot light which illuminates the informational aspects of the literature. In

Use of Attics in Literature

4393 words - 18 pages The Phenomenology of Space--Attic Memories and Secrets Since Gilbert and Gubar's The Madwoman in the Attic, critics have assumed that attics house madwomen. But they use that concept as a metaphor for their thesis, that women writers were isolated and treated with approbation. In most literature, attics are dark, dusty, seldom-visited storage areas, like that of the Tulliver house in The Mill on the Floss--a "great attic under the old

This essay is based on the use of abstract and concrete description. The object of the essay is to provide a concise description of a place using abstract and concrete words

773 words - 3 pages more of the beach, I decided to walk around to the shore and sample the ocean water. My steps were hindered by the immensely thick sand, for it seemed as though I was walking in the snow. The wind carried the salty breath of the ocean into my mouth leaving a lingering taste. Taking small steps into the temperate water soothed the effects of the rough textured sand on my feet. Dipping my feet into the water, I was overtaken by nostalgic memories of

World Water Use

725 words - 3 pages billion in damages. Correspondingly, Texas in 2011 experienced a major drought resulting agricultural losses of nearly $9 billion dollars (Combs, 2012). Although floods and droughts have always plagued mankind and agriculture, they serve to heighten awareness on water issues and the need to wisely use and manage water resources. As a prelude to sustainable water management for agriculture and food systems, this chapter briefly outlines water

The story Everyday Use Review

894 words - 4 pages The story “Everyday Use” tells the story of a mother and her two daughter's differing views about their identities and heritage. In “Everyday Use” Alice Walker uses descriptive imagery and metaphors to communicate to readers the importance of heritage. She also shows how it is a part of life that is meant to be shared with each generation. The main characters in this story, "Mama" and Maggie on one side, Dee on the other, each have conflicting

Review of Research on Language Learners' Use E-Dictionaries

2316 words - 10 pages Review of Research on Language Learners' Use E-Dictionaries It is commonly known that using dictionaries is significant for language learners. Almuzainy (2005) pointed out that foreign language learners use dictionaries for decoding activities such as reading, listening, and translating from L2 into L1; for encoding activities such as writing, speaking, and translating from L1 to L2; and for learning in general. Dictionaries can be classified

Use of Literature To Address Social Issues

1275 words - 5 pages Throughout time, authors have used their literary works to reflect on the world in which they live in. Prevalent time periods that have cause for reaction include World War I, World War II, the Holocaust, racism and segregation in the deep South, September 11th terrorist attacks, and even natural disasters such as Hurricane Katrina. Authors use literature as an effective medium in which they can voice their thoughts, opinions, beliefs, and

Use of Allegory in Anti-Transcententalist Literature

539 words - 2 pages Hawthorne's "Dr. Heidegger's Experiment," and the evil in "The Raven" by Edgar Allen Poe.The first selection that uses allegory is Moby Dick by Herman Melville. Captain Ahab symbolizes the danger in becoming overly determined. Captain Ahab will not let in to his need for vengeance. For example, Captain Ahab says "And this is what ye have shipped for, men! To chase that white whale on both sides of land, and over all sides of earth, till he spouts

The Use of Force and its Results. A review on the movie: "1492: Conquest of Paradise". Emphasizes on the justification of the use of force on the movie and its effects

550 words - 2 pages The Use of Force and its ResultsThere is something about the promise of peace and paradise that intrigues the very depth of our souls. Humanity casting a reflection without strife is an extraordinary thought that unquestionably appeals to everybody. Because of this, you can find it throughout history, many have sailed endless oceans for a million nights aboard ghastly vessels in order to savor its bittersweet taste. Many have tried but have

Similar Essays

The Use Of Reinforced Concrete In Modernism

3205 words - 13 pages The usage of concrete was explored by the Early Christian and Roman architects but fell out of use throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance period. The material was only fully explored again in the later half of the 19th century but only for mundane purposes where the material was cheap, easy to work with, and versatile, but most importantly it’s fireproof characteristic. In 1870, the idea of reinforcing the concrete was born; steel rods were

The Responsible Use Of Water Essay

1242 words - 5 pages water one American uses a day could potentially provide 200 people with the water they need. However, American citizens on their own do not do this. Therefore, American citizens need someone to show them how to use their water responsibly. This responsibility then falls onto the shoulders of the government. Each branch of government has a specific role that they could be playing. The President can set an example for his people by choosing to use

The Effects On The The Use Of Water For The Production Of Ethanol

1669 words - 7 pages the most valuable resource that exists on planet earth and yet, it is quickly slipping out of our reach. Water covers over seventy percent of earth’s surface, but only about three percent of that water is available for human use as freshwater. The main source of freshwater is permanent ice sheets, which makes up sixty-nine percent of global freshwater. The remaining supply of global freshwater is divided between groundwater and underwater

The Use Of Magic In Medieval Literature

2839 words - 11 pages The Use of Magic in Medieval Literature The concept of magic and magical creatures has been around for a long time, however, in the time period ranging from Beowulf to Malory's Arthur, there has been an evolution in attitudes and the consequent treatment of magic in medieval literature. The discussion of magic involves not only the disparity between Christian and pagan tradition but also of gender roles, most notably in the Arthurian mythos