Literature Review: Poverty And Juvenile Delinquency

1807 words - 7 pages

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................... 2

LITERATURE REVIEW .............................................................................................................. 3

Family Factors ............................................................................................................................ 3

Parenting .................................................................................................................................. 3

Financial Status......................................................................................................................... 3

Homelessness............................................................................................................................ 4

Abuse of Juveniles ................................................................................................................... 5

Incarceration ............................................................................................................................ 5

Personal Development Factors.................................................................................................... 6

Education ................................................................................................................................ 6

Victimization ........................................................................................................................... 6

Literature Review: Poverty and Juvenile Delinquency
Family Factors
This section will examine some of the family issues that previous research has found to correlate to juvenile delinquency. First, the parenting strategies within families will be explored. Then, there will be a look into the financial status of the families and child delinquency. Third, this paper will examine the lives of homeless youth and their survival tactics. Next, there will be some research reviewed on the effects of abuse in the home and the development of delinquent tendencies. Finally, this section will look at the effects of incarceration on the families it leaves behind.
Parenting
Tyrone Cheng examines the consequences of various parenting styles and family structure to relate it to delinquency. Through a secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, he emphasizes the importance of family preservation. The final sample of 823 children, ages 16-18, resulted in trends between the years a child spent with biological or step parents and the increased likelihood and delinquency. Fewer years increased the chances of delinquency. Lax in chore delegation and low limits of TV/game play resulted in higher delinquency. Their study showed no significant community economic status implications, but there was double...

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