Literay Analysis Of "The Necklace"

1596 words - 6 pages

Greed has been taking over human beings since there was the human civilization. It is one of the main reasons our world is like it is today. Many of the past problems were caused by the humans nature of greed. Guy De Maupassant, the author of "The Necklace", perfectly shows how greed can lead to bad outcomes in the short story. Guy De Maupassant, one of the fathers of the short story, was born on August 5th 1850. A quote representing the legacy of Maupassant "French writer of short stories an novels of the naturalists school who is by general agreement the greatest french short story writers"(Bennet). In his short story, "The Necklace", Maupassant focuses mostly on greed. He portrays how greed will lead to a downfall in anyway, and that it changes people. In the beginning of the story, Mathilde grieves about how she deserves a better life and that she should be living the luxurious life. She finally gets invited to a Ball and is in need of a jewel that would falsely represent her wealth. Mathilde finally borrows a necklace, but loses it during the Ball, and spends years trying to build up the funds to replace the necklace. She is soon told that it was fake and worth nothing. Maupassant was trying to convey how the women's actions had a cruel effect on Maupassant's life. Guy De Maupassant develops his theme that greed can lead to a downfall in his short story "The Necklace" through the use of foreshadowing, symbolism, and setting.
In the short story, "The Necklace", the author uses foreshadowing to show that greed will lead to a downfall. Foreshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. For example, when the necklace is lent. This foreshados that something might happen to the necklace. It also showed that it was not too important to Madame Forrestier. An example of Mathilde's greed is, “Loisel asks if Forestier has 'anything else, by chance?'"(May 1). This quote shows how she is not properly grateful. Loisel is vain and greedy and feels that her beauty entitles her to as much as her friend has. When Loisel comes upon a box lined with black satin, she is amazed by the necklace it holds. When she is able to get out the words to ask if she can borrow that necklace, Forestier does not even hesitate. This ties to the theme because it foreshadows that her greed will have a bad affect later in the story. Another example is when the jeweler says, “'I didn’t sell the necklace, madame,' he said. 'I only supplied the case”(Maupassant 231). This is showing that even the jeweler didn't supply the necklace,so that gives a hint that the necklace wasn't real. But, the greed burning in Mathilde took over and made her want the necklace.
The second example of foreshadowing is her obsession with jewels and gowns. Mathilde constantly grieves about how she needs the jewels and gowns and when she finally gets them, her obsession will take over. This foreshadows that her...

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