Weather and Climate
The village of Dokur is drought prone and represents the semi-arid tropics. The annual maximum temperature in summer, March till June, in the village is around 45°C, while the minimum temperature is 20° C. The winter, October till February, are pleasant in means of temperature, which lie between the 13 and 30°C. July till September is the tropical rain season. The state of Andhra Pradesh receives a high amount of rainfall during this period of time, although the amount of rainfall has been decreased over the years. For about a third of the rainfall is brought by the North-East Monsoons. The normal rainfall in the village is 730 mm, distributed erratically. Uneven distribution of rainfall is affecting critical stages of crop cultivation have become commonplace in the recent years.
Water is essential to transport the nutrients. If there is a lack of nutrients the leaves will turn yellow, and will no longer be able to support the transpiration process of the crop. The vesicles, which the crop uses for transpiration, will become clogged and the crop will get damaged due to overheating. The climate of the state Andhra Pradesh, where the village Dokur is located, is generally hot and humid. The factor determining the climate of the state is played by the South-West Monsoons.
The graph, figure 3, illustrates the monthly rainfall in millimetres over a period of time that has been measured form 1975 until 1981, and then from 2005 until 2008. The graph shows that the rain season is disrupted over the years. Not only the amount of rainfall, significantly decreased, also the period of time in which rain falls in high percentages has changed.
Usually the rain season (the monsoon), takes place from July until August. According to the graph, rainfall is distributed outside the monsoon. Uneven rainfall is devastating for the grow and flowering process of a crop. High amounts of rain flush the nutrients deeper into the soil, where they are unreachable for the roots of the crop. A soil which contains a high amount of water will cause the roots to rot. If the crops are placed close to each other, this will increase the rotting process even more. Above the ground, where leaves and branches touch each other, there is an increased chance of rot.
The wind carries CO2 rich air through the crops, refreshing air which is poor of CO2. If the crops are placed too close to each other the air will not be refreshed, the stems and branches will start to rot, due to the high amount of humidity between the crops. The flowering process will have no chance of success, and the harvest, there will not be anything to harvest.
Households and land size
Out of the “Dokur Village at a Glance Report” information can be acquired, that can answer the question about the average size of land per household. Dokur village has 3006 inhabitants in total (31st of December 2010), which form for the...