Livelihoods Of Dokur Village, Andhra Pradesh

754 words - 4 pages

Physical capital

Electricity and water
Dokur counts with electrical power since 1962 providing energy for domestic, irrigation, and to some extent commercial purposes. The village has two overhead water tanks that supply drinking water to the villagers. In this village there are 225 individual households’ taps and 10 public taps connections.

Roads and highways
Inside the village the roads are mainly made in cement with street lights. However the road connecting the village to the state highway 18 is not yet cemented and most of the roads on the edge of the village are still unpaved.

Public transport system
The village has a bus shelter and it has a railway station. There are many possibilities to travel from Dokur to Devarkadra for example by using buses with a frequency of 6 trips per day, taking a car (taxis) with a possibility to travel every half hour or using autorikshaws.

Education and Hospital
Dokur has a primary school since 1966 which was also upgraded into a high school level in 2007. A clinic IRHS (Institute for rural health and studies) located in the rural area of Dokur has been helping to improve the quality of life of the people in that area. However nearest hospital is located in Devarkadra.

Farming technologies
To increase the soil deficiency the farmers have been implementing the use of chemical fertiliser. The rental market for machinery has increased rapidly over the last 10 years, and the number of tractors in Dokur went from 1 to 8 and power sprayers up to 25. The adoption of hybrid seeds have contributed to increased farming productivity. However, the Castes that are poor cannot afford the use of new technologies. For these kinds of Castes the farming still in the old and traditional way.

Financial capital

Loans
To loan money from somebody, people in Dokur have different possibilities. Some are the local banks: Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB), Primary Agricultural Credit Society (PACS) and two nationalized banks (Andhra Pradesh and State Bank of Hyderabad), but there are also about 20 private money lenders in the village, who provide loans to a considerable number of households.

Self Help Groups
Furthermore there are 35 Self Help Groups (SHGs), which consist of 15 members each. All of the members contribute about Rs 55 (€0.65) per...

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