There is no cure for HIV, but there are treatments to enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life.
If anyone think he has been exposed to the virus within the last 72 hours (three days), anti-HIV medication post-exposure prophylaxis may stop him becoming infected.
The quicker PEP is started the better The longer the wait, the less chance of it being effective. But the description is not accurate. PEP is a month-long treatment, which has serious side effects and is not guaranteed to work. The treatment involves taking the same drugs prescribed to people who have tested positive for HIV.
If you are diagnosed with HIV, you will have regular blood tests to monitor the progress of the virus before starting treatment.
You will not normally need to start treatment until the virus has begun weakening your immune system.
This is determined mainly by measuring your levels of CD4, which are infection-fighting cells, in your blood.
HIV is treated with antiretrovirals (ARVs), which work against the HIV infection by slowing down the spread of the virus in the body.
A combination of ARVs is used because HIV can quickly adapt and become resistant to one single ARV.
Patients tend to take three or more types of ARV medication. This is known as combination therapy or antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Some antiretroviral drugs have been combined into one pill, known as a "fixed dose combination". This means that the most common treatments for people just diagnosed with HIV involve taking just one or two pills a day.
Different combinations of ARVs work for different people so the medicine you take will be individual to you.
Once HIV treatment is started, you will probably need to take the medication for the rest of your life. For the treatment to be effective, it will need to be taken on time, every time.
Many of the medicines used to treat HIV can react in...