Lllll Essay

1716 words - 7 pages

46

46. Raspodjela je ekonomski proces u kojem se utvrđuju: a) kriterijb) nacin i c) velicina ucesca subjekata u raspodjeli rezultata proizvodnje
47. Primarna raspodjela je raspodjela na pojedine ekonomske subjekte koji sebave proizvodnjom,a njihov udio u raspodjeli odredjen je njihovim trzisnimucescem koje postizu na trzistima prilikom prodaje svojih proizvoda.
48. Sekundarna raspodjela je raspodjela u kojoj pojedinci i subjektiupotrebljavaju dohodak,koji su prisvojili u procesu primarne raspodjele, zapodmirivanje razlicitih potreba,obaveza prema pojedincima i zajednici,finansiranju odredjenih djelatnosti i dr.
49. Namjenska raspodjela je raspodjela u kojoj subjekti donose odluke koliki cedio dohotka kojim raspolazu ubotrijebiti za potrosnju a koliki zaakumulaciju,tj dodatno ulaganje u proizvodnju.50. Tri kriterija raspodjele su:a) kriterij vlasnistva nad radnom snagomb) kriterij vlasništva nad kapitalom, odnosno faktorima procesaproizvodnjec) kombinacijom ova dva kriterija
51. Visinu najamnine određuju tri bitne determinante. To su: obim i kvalitetzivotnih sredstava, odnos ponude i potraznje na trzistu radne snage i ulogasavremene drzave.
52. Oblici plaćanja najmnine su: po vremenu, po komadu i kombinovano.
53. Nominalna najamnina predstavlja kolicinu novca koji se isplacuje za odredjeniposao,tj. suma novca koju radna snaga prima kao naknadu za rad.
54. Realna najmnina predstavlja kolicinu zivotnih sredstava koje njen vlasnikmoze da kupi za iznos nominalne najamnine.
55. Industrijski kapital je dio ukupnog drustvenog kapitala koji djeluje u oblastiindustrijske proizvodnju.Industrijski profit je dio ukupnog profita koji prisvajaju vlasnici kapitala koji funkcionise u oblasti industrije.
56. Profit se definiše kao razlika između ukupnih prihoda i ukupnih troskova preduzeca.
57. Šta je profit, a šta profitna stopa ? Profit je dohodak,dio novostvorene vrijednosti koji u procesu raspodjele prisvajaju vlasnici kapitala. Profitna stopa je relativni broj koji dovodi u odnos kapital upotrebljen u preduzecu i profit.
58. Faktori - determinante profitne stope dijele se na dvije grupe i to: unutrasnje i vanjske.
59. Objasnite unutrašnje faktore profitne stope i navedite nekoliko takvih faktora To su faktori koji dolaze do izrazaja u procesu proizvodnje i na koje je moguce vise uticati internim naporom subjekata.Npr. profuktivnost rada,intenzivnost rada,tehnologija,koristenje kapaciteta,brzina obrta kapitala,podjela kapitala na fiksni i cirkulirajuci,kvalitet proizvoda.
60. Objasnite vanjske faktore profitne stope i navedite nekoliko takvih faktoraTo su faktori koje emituje trziste,pa su mogucnosti subjekta ogranicene. To su cijena proizvoda,cijena materijalnih faktora proizvodnje,cijena radne snage.
61. Kapital je sve vrste vrijednosti sredstva i imovina bez obzira u kojem obliku postoje,koja imaju svojstva da njihova upotreba vlasniku donose vrijednost vecu od one koju su ulozili u obavljanje bilo koje ekonomske aktivnosti.
62. Akumulacija je...

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