Monism vs. Dualism
John Locke’s Essay on Human Understanding his primary thesis is our ideas come from experience, that the human mind from birth is a blank slate. (Tabula Rasa) Only experience leaves an impression in our brain. “External objects impinge on our senses,” which interpret ate our perceptions of various objects. The senses fill the mind with content. Nothing can exist in the mind that was not first experienced by the senses. Dualism resembles Locke’s theory that your mind cannot perceive something that the senses already have or they come in through the minds reflection on its own operation. Locke classifies ideas as either simple or complex, simple ideas being the building blocks for complex ideas.
Materialism vs. Naturalism
Materialist believe that only the physical exist, naturalist believe that we our born with ideas’, concepts, principals and knowledge. Locke found Descartes views of the physical world interesting However, at the same time he disagreed with Descartes’ opinion on the soul and innate ideas. Locke did not believe that the mind contained anything innate except certain capacities for some mental processes. To except this theory one would have to doubt that our feet or hands or anything we come in contact with may not exist.
Idealism vs. Super Naturalism
John Locke possesses many characteristics of an idealist. However, he also believes that we were created by God and that we our morally obligated to preserve ourselves and the rest of humankind. How he can come to this conclusion when he believes we have no pre-knowledge of anything is somewhat disturbing. If we only perceive things with our senses, or though our own mind reflection how is this logic possible? It seems to be a contradiction in theory. If you begin to rat ionize Locke’s thought on his possible thought process you could take this to his fascination with the Book of Genesis and the fall of Adam. His belief must be that if we have no prior knowledge, then Adam could not have know what would happen if he ate the apple, thus after he ate the apple he now knows.
Mind Body Problem
Descartes first initiates his theory by saying “Cogito, ergo sum; I think therefore I am”. To doubt is to think and exist. Descartes found it impossible to doubt his own existence, unlike Locke who places mass among the primary qualities of the body. His complex theories of primary and secondary qualities were in agreement with the seventieth-century of physical science. His views were based on the written knowledge of Newtonian dynamics. The distinctions between primary and secondary qualities are a root, a theoretical distinction about how we can represent bodies. “A primary quality is one which must represent a body as having in every possible circumstance. No matter how small a body is, it has some extension. No matter how fluid it is, it has some solidity, no matter where it is at a time, it must be moving or at rest at that time. Secondary qualities come and go,...