Logic And Law In Russian And Western Culture

3455 words - 14 pages

Logic and Law in Russian and Western Culture

ABSTRACT: The purpose of my paper is to compare those texts of Russian and Western thinkers where the relations between logic and law are discussed, and especially to show both the differences and the agreements of their understanding of this connection. Second, I would also like to show and contrast the place of logic and law in Russian and Western systems of education. Third, I propose to clarify some conclusions from my analysis of these relations for understanding the social life of a country and its culture. I believe that this is possible since the relations between logic and law, which are a special subject-matter, are only a part of a larger whole. There is no hard and fast line separating the place of these relationships from the whole of culture. The quality of this relationship is an indicator in some sense of the nature of culture and of its democracy. I would like to show with regard to the West that the classical logical culture determines the types of rationalities, argumentation patterns, and various kinds of political and juridical rhetorics. The consequences of the lack of logical culture in Russia will also be shown.

The purpose of my paper is very simple. It is, first of all, to compare those texts of Russian and Western thinkers where the relations between Logic and Law are discussed, and especially to show both the differences and the agreements in their understanding of this connection. Second, the same time I would like to show and contrast the places of Logic and Law in the Russian and Western Systems of Education. Third, I propose to clarify some conclusions from analysis these relations for understanding the social life of a country and its culture. I believe that this is possible since the relations between Logic and Law, which are a special subject-matter, are only a part of a larger whole. I believe that there is no hard and fast line separating the place of these relationships from the whole of Culture. And vice versa, as I see it, the quality of this relationship is an indicator (in some sense) of the nature of Culture and of its Democracy.

I am not going to say that all of Western History depends on Logic, (1) but I think it is very important to pick out its real and very influential place in Western Law and Democracy which have not been separated from Western Philosophy. I should like to show with regard to the West that starting from Ancient Civilization one can find how the classical Logical Culture determines the types of rationalities, argumentation patterns, various kinds of political and juridical rhetorics, and therefore political and juridical culture in general. I think that this tradition has not been interrupted in the modern West because it has been supported by the classical Western Educational system with the famous Trivium (grammar, rhetoric, logic) as its base during centuries of development.

The logic-based Trivium fulfilled a definitive...

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