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Lolah Essay

3646 words - 15 pages

Legal Definition

- The Australian Bureau of Statistics refers to the aged as those individuals who are over 65 years of age
- The National Seniors Association refers to the aged as those individuals over 50 years of age
- The Council on the Ageing(COTA) refers to the aged as those individuals over 50 years of age.
- The Home and Community Care Program refers to the aged as those individuals over 65 years of age and Indigenous aged 45 years and older.
- The NSW Government requires that a person must be over 60 years of age to obtain the NSW Seniors Card.

Social definition

- The general retirement age in society is 65 years. This is generally a socially accepted definition.
- Terms used to refer to the aged include- old, retired, pensioners, security concerns, burden on health system, bored, isolated, volunteers, have lots of spare time, lack mobility, wise, experienced.
- Between the age of 60-70 years of age- known as active ageing
- Between the age of 70-80 years of age- less active but still independent
Over the age of 80 years- seen as frail, housebound and needing care

Identifying characteristics

- Characteristics vary according to age health, gender, SES, housing and family structures.
- The aged are usually retired or in phased retirement (gradual retirement in the number of hours or days worked).
- According to The Council on the Ageing (COTA), 75% of retirees rely on government benefits as their major source of income. More than 50% of pensioners have assets (excluding their own home) under $30 000 and 30% have a bank balance less than $1000. Other aged people have superannuation and investments to help meet their economic needs.
- The aged are in the contracting stage of the lifecycle.
- Some aged may experience deteriorating health, become housebound or need respite care or live in retirement or aged facility. Others enjoy an active life by pursuing hobbies, travel (grey nomads), and socialize.
- Many have traditional values such as marriage before children.
- Due to women living longer than men there tends to be more aged women than men living alone.
- There are currently approximately 3200 centenarians (those aged 100 years and over). This is expected to rise to 12 000 by 2020 and 78 000 by 2055. 70% of centenarians are women and more than half live in private dwellings.
- The aged are often involved in voluntary work, community activities such as Rotary and caring for grandchildren.

Specific needs

Access to services-
- There are a wide range of services available but these services are greatly utilized. Example- nursing homes with waiting lists.
- Some aged people have additional needs and this can affect their ability to access resources. E.g. Live in a rural location and are disabled.
- Due to decrease in mobility transport becomes an issue in accessing services.
Education-
- Employers must ensure aged workers have equal access to training especially in relation to technology. This assists in maintaining employment...

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