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Long And Short Term Effects Of Drug Usage During Pregnancy

1744 words - 7 pages

Pregnancy is a very delicate process. If you think about it most of the women on this earth are of childbearing ages. Once a women finds out she is pregnant, medical care is of vital importance. It is even suggested that if a women is planning on becoming pregnant that they should start healthy habits before conception. Women should go to her gynecologist as soon as she knows that she has become pregnant. To have a healthy baby, the woman needs to have healthy habits throughout the pregnancy. This includes regular checkups, prenatal testing, healthy diet, moderate exercise, plenty of rest, prenatal vitamins and limited stress. If a woman is a smoker, she should stop smoking immediately! If she drinks, she should immediately stop drinking. However, there are many women that continue to use some type of drug while being pregnant. This is unfortunate and unfortunately can really affect their baby, at the time of birth, and as well as later on in the child’s life. Everyone is well aware that the use of any type of drug is not healthy for her fetus, but people still decide to do it. Whether it’s because of an addiction, or not caring. Lets see what the affects are on fetuses with the use of alcohol, cocaine, marijuana tobacco, caffeine, and methamphetamine.
During pregnancy it is said by all doctors not to drink alcohol. Alcohol goes straight through the placenta and into a women’s fetus. Therefore, if a woman is drinking alcohol so is her fetus. The fetus is in constant state of growth and development during the entire pregnancy. The first four weeks of pregnancy, the fetuses heart, central nervous system, eyes, arms and legs are beginning to develop. The brain actually begins to develop during the third week of pregnancy and continuously grows throughout the pregnancy. During the third trimester, everything begins to move rapidly. If a woman is consuming alcohol at the third trimester of pregnancy, it can cause very harmful effects to the baby. Alcohol is evenly distributed in the bloodstream; it crosses the blood brain barrier (BBB) as well as the placenta, meaning that it can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, also known as FAS. This is the most common cause of fetal cognitive disability in the US. This can cause neurological problems, and distinctive malformations of the head and face. The factors that influence development is the amount of alcohol consumed, the consumption pattern and the timing of the exposure to the fetus. If drinking alcohol occurs between 0-3 weeks, the fetus may not survive, leading to miscarriage or stillborn. In the weeks of 4-9, can have more serious damage, leading to problems like FAS. Many women who do drink alcohol during the beginning of pregnancy truly do not know they are pregnant yet.
Cocaine is an addictive drug that came from coca or may be prepared synthetically; it is used as an illegal stimulant and can be used as a local anesthetic. It can be absorbed orally, intranasal, and intravenously and inhaled....

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