Looking Backward By Edward Bellamy Essay

698 words - 3 pages

Looking Backward

     The book Looking Backward was written by Edward Bellamy and published in the year 1888. Bellamy started off his career as a journalist but then married and decided to devote his efforts to writing fiction novels. Looking Backward was published and Bellamy was famous. The book stirred around the country and had people imagining a world like the one Bellamy created in his book. The idea of a utopia as the one he describes is unbelievable. His book is what people, of even now in the twenty first century, wish the world could possible be like. However, Bellamy’s world of reasoning and judging of people based on the inner beliefs was not what people of then or now do. Bellamy’s book showed a world of rationality being applied to create a world of down right good and generous people. If rationality was every used to create a wholesome war-hearted society than the picture that Bellamy envisioned would be true today. Bellamy built his utopia upon the position that individuals did not compete with one another.
     The story starts with a preface that explains the sum of the story. The story introduces the fact that Bellamy is writing as if it is already the twentieth century and the world is looked at through rationality. Bellamy uses the character Julian West to represent industrialization and how his utopia are used as the answers is used as the answers to industrialization problems, and Dr. Leete to represent the new society. Within the first chapter Julian West is the narrator describing to his listeners how society was run in the late 1800’s. The people within Bellamy’s utopia could not believe or understand the conditions of how society was run back than. There were four classes: Rich, Poor, Educated, and Ignorant. In the 1800’s, Julian tells the readers that this was the only way that people knew how to run a society. The next few chapters begin to tell the story of how Julian West ended up in the twentieth century. The story describes how Julian...

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