English author William Gerald Golding wrote Lord of the flies as his first novel in 1954. Golding would later become famous as a novelist, playwright, and poet, yet before Lord of the flies publishers had rejected his works many times. Fortunately for Golding and future readers, his new editor Charles Monteith helped him to make some changes to the text and publish the book in September 1954 as Lord of the Flies (“William Golding” par.7). This book became hugely successful, and in 1983 Golding was awarded for it a Nobel Prize in Literature ("William Golding - Prize Presentation" par.1).
The main characters of this novel are Ralph, Jack, Simon, and Piggy. Ralph, who represents civilizing instinct, is elected as the leader of the group of the boys and tries to promote harmony among themselves. Even though he seeks to lead the group and defeats Jack in the election, he doesn’t try to dominate people. Rather, he focuses on the group’s common interest of being rescued. For example, he gives responsibility to the hunters to keep a signal fire while he tries to make a shelter. Unlike Ralph, Jack would like to dominate people. This is especially evident once he becomes the leader of the hunters on the island. He tends to show the other boys how strong and brave he is while expressing his dominance over them. By the end of the novel, Jack usurps Ralph to become the general leader, in which position he shows how barbaric and cruel he can be.
Whereas Ralph and Jack struggle against each other, Simon represents a kind of innocent and spiritual human. Simon had been a member of Jack’s choir, but unlike the other choir members he chooses not to hunt animals. Rather, he would like to help Ralph to make the shelter. Furthermore, Simon is brave boy who only realizes and tries to tell to the other boys that the beast is not a real thing when he is in the jungle. Another important character is Piggy, who despite being the weakest of the boys due to his asthma and obesity, is intellectual and rational. He would like to criticize and give lectures whenever the boys do wrong. However, many other boys think he is too chatty and annoying, so they begin to tease and harass and him physically.
Lord of the flies takes place on an unhabituated island. The boys in the story have crash-landed into the island’s jungle. The story begins in earnest when Ralph assembles a meeting. Ralph, Jack, and Simon decide to look around, going up a mountain until they reach the end of the island. They find out two things: they are on a deserted island and possibly they can survive there by hunting pigs. Thus the boys set out to make use of what the island offers them and create their own society to help them survive together. Their island is important because it gives them food and shelter and what they need to survive. There is no living beast on the island, and nothing there threatens them. Golding can then show how humans create their own conflicts and threaten their own survival. ...