Lord of the Flies was published in 1954 by William Golding. Today Lord of the Flies is a well known literary criticism. Many schools require their students to read Lord of the Flies because of the literary criticisms in the book. In this paper three themes or literary criticisms are talked about: good vs. evil, symbolism of characters, and maturity of characters.
Another topic in Golding's Lord of the Flies is the battle of good vs. evil. Everything seems to start out just fine on the island; the island seems to be rich with fruit and game and the climate is favorable. The real problem that arises among the boys involves their own inner nature, and emerges from an argument between those who wish to keep a fire burning on the island's mountain to attract rescuers and those who wish to hunt, play, and enjoy no adult supervision (Johnston). Evil comes about with the appearance of the choir boys who are wearing all black and being led by Jack (Martin; Golding 16). Also the conflict and ongoing fight between Ralph [good] and Jack [evil]; is the main topic of the good vs. evil discussion.
Lord of the Flies starts out as all the boys coming together, civilized, focusing on rescue and survival, and staying mature. As the boys begin hunting for food; evil slowing begins creeping in. The hunting group is led by Jack and his right-hand-man Roger, who displays the most evil out of all the boys and is the one who kills Piggy (Martin). Jack begins developing his own clan that with compete with Ralph's [good] clan. Jack is able to recruit boys by taking them hunting which gives the boys a taste of power and violence. Once these boys feel this power they want more and begin taking orders from Jack; like to steal and vandalize Ralph's camp. This is an action of boys that are led by their inner nature and have no adult supervision (Johnston).
Evil first shows up when Ralph blows the conch and the boys see a group of other boys marching side by side in sync (Martin). The boys are wearing black cloaks "from throat to ankle" showing the subdued state of the boys before puberty. When they are given permission from Jack to uncover, they emerge as powerful drives. This is seen when they begin to run wild fetching for wood for the fire, and hunting like savages (Martin; Golding 34).
The competition between good and evil starts with the gradual struggle between Ralph and Jack, the two oldest boys, for priority. Ralph is the natural leader by virtue of his superior height, strength, and beauty. His mild expression proclaims him “no devil.” He possesses the symbol of authority, the conch. Jack, on the other hand, is described in completely different terms; he is distinguished by his ugliness and his red hair, a traditional demonic conception (Rosenfield). Ralph and Jack do not get along well throughout Lord of the Flies; Jack has his clan rob and steal from Ralph's camp. Also Piggy and Simon are killed by Jack's choir boys. After the boys are murdered Jack wants all...