Lord of the Flies takes place during World War 2, when a plane full of English schoolboys, all under the age of 12, is shot down leaving them to take care of themselves. With no adults, or person of authority to manage these children, they slowly start lose their sanity. These boys lived sheltered lives before the accident, and they do not know how to take care of themselves in the wild. Being alone on an island plays havoc on their minds, and soon they all believe there is a monstrous beast living on the island with them.
Soon after landing on this island, the group of boys elects Ralph as their leader. Ralph looks the part of a leader, but does not have the awareness of what is going on like Simon does, or the know-how like Piggy. So the three bond together and try to make the best of their situation. But, Jack is always challenging Ralph's authority. He ends up creating a lot of problems for them, and inevitably killing both Piggy and Simon.
Far too often society singles out a person or group of people to scorn, so that they can feel superior and secure. In Lord of the Flies these children are scared and alone, so they single out Piggy to torment. It is clear why they picked him, he is the chubby little kid with asthma, who is constantly telling everyone else that they are wrong, and whining when they don't listen to him. Also, because of his asthma he cannot work, so while Simon and Ralph are working, he is in the bathing pool with the little'uns. This does not look fair in the eyes of any twelve year old. So naturally, Ralph and some of the other boys somewhat resent Piggy.
Piggy whines a lot in Lord of the Flies, for instance, on page 41 whenever they take his specs away he cries about it saying, "Give me my specs! Jus' blurs, that's all. Hardly see my hand-". The other boys recognize him as a whiner, and alienate him. On another occasion, after the hunters have caught and killed a pig they are very excited and so demented with bloodlust that they scarcely hear Ralph criticizing them for letting the fire go out. When Piggy complains about the hunters’ immaturity, Jack slaps him so hard that he breaks one of the lenses out of Piggy's glasses. Jack then taunts Piggy by mimicking his whining voice, (Golding, Lord of the Flies page 70-72).
Despite the fact that Piggy has a habit of complaining, he is very smart and intellectual. Oftentimes Piggy helps Ralph make important decisions involving survival. Piggy was the one who, when seeing the conch, knew what it was and how to use it to their advantage, (Golding, Lord of the Flies page 16-17). Piggy was also the one who decided to take inventory of all the little kids and their names, (Golding, Lord of the Flies page 19-23). He suggested making sundials, (Golding, Lord of the Flies page 64), and hats, but no one took Piggy seriously and his innovations were considered absurd. Piggy is never taken seriously and his ideas are thrown away because of his...