Arrogant, disparaging, fearless, and merciless, this resembles the characteristics of an evil dictator. He rules not to serve the people, but to serve himself. He is in absolute control; nothing can stop him from being the king. In Lord of the Flies, Jack is mean, irrational, and scornful, and does not care about anyone’s interest. Jack symbolizes absolutism because he expresses divine right, emphasizes war, and removes the basic rights of others.
Absolutism is a type of government that is ruled by an absolute ruler. They claim to rule by divine right, meaning that God chooses them to rule. Citizens have no part in determining who will lead their country. Because of this, most absolutist rulers are inclined to be boastful, self-centered, greedy, and ruthless. They are in control of every part of their land, including “…competing jurisdictions, institutions…interest groups,” and “…religious sects” (McKay), in their territories, and they constantly desire to expand. War is the only solution, so kings have to have a strong and organized army. “Discipline is the soul of armies; without it there are no soldiers, only confusion and defeat” (Oakeshott). Brutal rulers, such as Adolf Hitler, Ivan the Terrible, and Genghis Khan, had exceptional armies.
Absolutist kings rule with terror. Fear sweeps over their territories, which causes their subjects to be obedient and docile. Citizens have to be disciplined to protect the nation. They are suppressed from rebellions and protests because of the consequences that might bestow upon them. Simply put is that they are not allowed to speak against the king. Consequently, they do not have much opinion in the government. The ruler’s decision is solely based on his discretion and none of his subjects’. A major rebellion has to break out in order for the king to realize a fault in his order. As exemplified in the French Revolution, the poor citizens of the Third Estate had to take over Paris and imprison King Louis XVI in order for him to realize that his policies were wrong.
An absolute ruler does not gain power by the support of the people because it is given. Jack is not voted by the boys as chief, but he takes matters in his own hands and starts a new colony. He gives himself power. He believes that his superior traits give him the right. “Who are you, anyway? Sitting there telling people what to do. You can’t hunt, you can’t sing―” (Golding 91). Ralph does not have the right to order because he cannot hunt and sing. Even if hunting and singing are not necessary traits for a ruler, Jack perceives them as if they are. This shows that Jack’s rule comes from divine right, as he is pre-chosen before he even starts to govern. An absolutist ruler leads his country on the basis that he is born to do it, so the subjects cannot choose to decline and are forced to accept. Jack is similar in the way that he seizes power not from the population, but from himself. None of the boys could protest and demand him to stop....