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Lord Of The Flies: Literary Analysis

1314 words - 6 pages

Much of history’s most renown literature have real-world connections hidden in them, although they may be taxing uncover. William Golding’s classic, Lord of the Flies, is no exception. In this work of art, Golding uses the three main characters, Piggy, Jack, and Ralph, to symbolize various aspects of human nature through their behaviors, actions, and responses.
In the novel, Piggy represents intelligence and rationality because of how he thoroughly thinks through all situations that he faces and due to his exceptional ability to create simple solutions to any problem. At very beginning of the novel, shortly after emerging from the wreckage of the crashed plane, Piggy and Ralph first meet each other. As the pair walk along the beach, Ralph finds a conch, which gives Piggy the idea of using the conch to “‘call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us’” (Golding 16). Even after the initial shock of crash-landing on a presumably deserted island, Piggy is able to gather his wits and realize that their best chance of survival to gather all the boys and get some kind of organization established. Although Ralph found the conch initially, he was only attracted to it because it looked like “a worthy plaything” (16). Piggy however, unlike Ralph, immediately thought up a novel idea of how to use the conch to better their situation, by using it to gather everyone else, and to assess the overall predicament they found themselves in. Piggy was focused on long-term survival and sustainability rather than the short-term entertainment that the conch presented. People who have high levels of intelligence often possess extremely rational thinking methods. The Beast had begun to terrorize the mountain, particularly in the vicinity of the fire. Because no one no longer shows even remote interest in venturing back up the mountain to tend the fire, due to the fact that the Beast may be lurking, Piggy asks the question, “‘What’s wrong with a fire down here? A fire could be built on them rocks. On the sand, even’” (129). While the rest of the boys are distraught over going back up the mountain to tend to the fire, Piggy keeps his wits about him, and comes up with the idea of simply starting a fire near the shelters on the beach. This way, the boys would not have to travel up and down the mountain daily to feed the fire more wood. Not only would having the fire down on the beach eliminate the fear of confronting the Beast while, it would also serve as a source of warmth for the group of boys during the night. Due to the fact that he was thinking of ways to solve the fire dilemma, rather than worrying about how it would impact their overall chances of rescue or survival, Piggy represents rationality.
Jack illustrates man’s hunger for more power in his attempts to gain sole leadership of the group of boys, and he also stands for violence and savageness in his obsession with hunting. Jack calls a meeting, during which he blatantly questions Ralph’s...

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