Lord Of The Flies: The Evil Of Human Nature

1252 words - 5 pages

"However Simon thought of the beast, there rose before his inward sight the picture of a human at once heroic and sick”(Golding 128). This quote from William Golding’s novel, Lord of the Flies, effectively suggests that human beings are evil; which is also the main theme of the novel. In the novel, the major characters at the ending reinforce Golding’s negative view of human nature.Golding provides his view of human nature very early in the novel. The island on which the boys land is described as a paradise with a variety of flora and fauna. Upon the boys’ landing, the tube carrying the boys causes a scar on the island. The intensity of the destruction caused by the scar is described: “All round him the long scar smashed into the jungle was a bath of heat”(Golding 11). However, the destruction does not stop there. Later, the boys burn down a large part of the island as a result of their carelessness. Here, Golding shows that humans cause destruction even if they did not mean to. He is almost suggesting that causing destruction is second nature to us humans. At the end of the novel, the destruction comes full circle when Jack’s tribe burns down the entire island. The presence of the boys has completely changed the island from a beautiful paradise to a charred wreckage.Golding’s pessimistic view of human nature is further expanded with the issue of hunting. As the novel progresses, Jack’s level of obsession with hunting continues to escalate until the very end of the novel. It is interesting to note that although the island has an abundance of fruits and the boys can easily catch fish and crabs at the beach, Jack insists on hunting to get meat. Later on, he enjoys hunting as if it were a sport:His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a satisfying drink(Golding 88).Jack hunts not with the sole intention to get meat, but he particularly enjoy exercising power over living creatures while hunting. This shows how much Jack enjoys having power; the power to control other beings. Throughout the novel, Jack does everything he can to gain the respect of the boys; to gain support for power. Later when he most of the boys join his tribe, Jack takes one last step to secure his position as chief of his tribe. He goes as far as to order his tribe to hunt and kill Ralph to eliminate the last threat to his position. Here, we can see that Jack has moved from hunting pigs to hunting humans. Thus, this shows how savage and evil man can be as he hunts even his own kin. Besides, these examples also show that humans have an unquenchable thirst for power that if not controlled, will blind us and take over our soul.In the novel, Golding uses Jack and his tribe to illustrate the effects of complete freedom to man. After Jack’s tribe is formed, the members are no longer referred to as boys...

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