Lord Of The Flies
Good and Evil
Order and Discipline
Golding wrote this in the context of the cold war. It symbolises that through the conflict between the two tribes they could get themselves killed through the fires they allow to get out of control.
Much like Atomic bombs. Russians put one on America. America put one on Russia etc.
The people had just been through world war two
Food was still being rationed
Golding worked as a teacher in a British boys school
Thought there might be a nuclear war between soviet union and western countries
Britain was having to come to terms with the loss of its empire
Nazi Germany had adopted a system of rewarding the strong and attacking the weak
German leader Adolph Hitler ideas of racial purity and the supremacy of aryan race to Darwins theory of natural selection and survival of the fittest on the island.
Ralph, Jack , Simon, Roger and Piggy
Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel, and many of its characters signify important ideas or themes. Ralph represents order, leadership, and civilization. Piggy represents the scientific and intellectual aspects of civilization. Jack represents unbridled savagery and the desire for power. Simon represents natural human goodness. Roger represents brutality and bloodlust at their most extreme. To the extent that the boys' society resembles a political state, the littluns might be seen as the common people, while the older boys represent the ruling classes and political leaders. The relationships that develop between the older boys and the younger ones emphasize the older boys' connection to either the civilized or the savage instinct: civilized boys like Ralph and Simon use their power to protect the younger boys and advance the good of the group; savage boys like Jack and Roger use their power to gratify their own desires, treating the littler boys as objects for their own amusement.
Lord of the flies
The Lord of the Flies is the bloody, severed sow's head that Jack impales on a stake in the forest glade as an offering to the beast. This complicated symbol becomes the most important image in the novel when Simon confronts the sow's head in the glade and it seems to speak to him, telling him that evil lies within every human heart and promising to have some "fun" with him. (This "fun" foreshadows Simon's death in the following chapter.) In this way, the Lord of the Flies becomes both a physical manifestation of the beast, a symbol of the power of evil, and a kind of Satan figure who evokes the beast within each human being. Looking at the novel in the context of biblical parallels, the Lord of the Flies recalls the devil, just as Simon recalls Jesus. In fact, the name "Lord of the Flies" is a literal translation of the name of the biblical name Beelzebub, a powerful demon in hell sometimes...