Lou Gehrig's Disease Essay

857 words - 4 pages

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis – also referred to as Motor Neurone Disease in most Commonwealth countries, and as Lou Gehrig's disease in the United States– is a debilitating disease with varied etiology characterized by rapidly progressive weakness, muscle atrophy and fasciculations which is a spontaneous contraction affecting small number of muscle fiber. This is often referred “Lou Gehrig’s disease”. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a disease of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement. Muscle cramps and muscle twitching all happens when people have ALS disease. First it damages the spinal cord pathway and through the motor neurons, bodies to move and is made up of the brain, nerve, and muscle. The things that we do every day like running all of that is controlled by the neuromuscular system. By the time that passes by the ALS disease causes these motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord to shrink and goes away, so muscle no longer receive signals to move. The result of this is that the muscle becomes smaller and weaker. About 2 out of 100,000 people will get Lou Gehrig’s disease. 5 out of 10% ALS cases in the United State are in Hereditary, means the disease runs through a certain families. At least 90% of cases are not inherited, this disease is called the Sporadic ALS disease.

Lou Gehrig’s disease does not always begin or become worse in the same way. The disease is different for every person who has it. The courses of this disease may include: muscle weakness like hand, legs, arms is an early symptom for about 60% of people with ALS, or the muscle of speech.. Twitching, cramps of muscle, especially the those in the hands and legs. Difficult in projecting the voice. Other early signs of the disease is tripping or falling a lot, periods of laughing or crying. As the disease get worse breathing, swallowing, eating becomes difficult.This disease has affected the the man named Stephen W. Hawking the most smartest man on earth. In his early 20’s he was diagnosed with ALS and was given 3 to 5 years to leave. That day had made him really worried. However, Stephen has lived a long time and have not died. He is known to be the smartest man on earth. This man has won over a dozens awards for his scientist research. Like him his as ALS as bad as no one. His muscle are weak, can’t speak, and can hardly move his body. One of the things he do is he uses a speech synthesizer to communicate with family and other.

The cause of ALS is not known, and scientists do...

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