Love Sick: Analysis Of The Knight's Tale

832 words - 3 pages

In the Middle Ages, love was believed to be a certifiable disease from which one cannot escape. Written throughout medieval literature, this sickness was said to ruin bonds or friendships between ‘brothers’, lead towards sin, and diminish the health of men. A woman’s point of view was never accounted for, because she was the temptress and she was the cause of this love sickness. “Medieval courtly love is often a one-way affair: it is seen from the point of view of the man, whose feelings are of great interest and may be analyzed at length, while the woman exists only as an object arousing those feelings” (Spearing 11). In the Knight’s Tale two cousins swear loyalty to each other as brothers and break this bond when Emily gives them no choice but to become sick with unquenched love over her beauty.Emily’s love-invoking beauty was personified as a May garden, which was the main symbol for beauty in medieval courtly poetry. “Till it fil ones, in a morwe of May, That Emelye, that fairer was to sene Than is the lilie upon his stalke grene, And fresher than the May with floures newe – For with the rose colour stroof hire hewe, I noot which was the finer of hem two” (Chaucer 176-81). Chaucer uses this imagery often whenever he was describing Arcite’s and/or Palamon’s love for her. Yet, “Arcite and Palamon have no choice but to behave the way they do; they must love Emily, whatever extravagance or absurdity their love may lead them into, because they are suffering from a sickness” (Spearing 10). This sickness seems to instantly break the brotherly bond between the two knights. Since Palamon saw her and fell in love with her first, Arcite should have respected his love and helped him get her instead of fighting for her himself. But Arcite countered that love is free and that he cannot help loving who he does, no matter who else loves her as well. “For I defye the seurete and the bond Which that thou seist that I have maad to thee. What, verray fool, think wel that love is free, And I wol love hire maugree al thy might” (Chaucer 746-9)!It was easy to see Arcite’s point of view of not being able to control who you love, but in the Middle Ages, friendship was considered to be much more important than love. What Arcite did to Palamon was one of the worst things one could do to a friend during that time. “It is one of the conventions of the...

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