This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Low Birth Weight Infants Born To African American Women

1483 words - 6 pages

Introduction
Infant mortality in the United States is considerably higher than other developed countries. One of the leading causes of this tragic statistic is low birth weight (LBW,  2500 g). An infant’s birth weight can be utilized as a predictor for health and directly linked to future health risks and outcomes (Holland, Kitzman, & Veazie, 2009). In the United States, the population group with the highest incidence of LBW is African American women. This perinatal racial disparity is evidenced by a wide array of social, cultural and behavioral factors that have an impact on LBW infants born to African American women. This paper will examine those contributing factors.
Target ...view middle of the document...

“However, the rate of decline in infant mortality between specific varies and African American infants have experienced a slower decline than Caucasian infants have” (Dailey, 2009, p. 340). Since 1940, the racial disparity gap between African American infants and white infants has widened (Dailey, 2009). Racial disparities pertaining to perinatal outcomes are a serious problem in the United States. Infant mortality in the United States is much higher than other developed countries, with the mortality rates for African Americans twice that of the mortality rates for White Americans (Collins, Wambach, David, & Rankin, 2009). But despite some improvement in the infant mortality rate in the United States, black infants are twice as likely to die during the first year of life than white infants.
Low birth weight (LBW,  2500 g) is a primary indicator for mortality risk in the first year and is the leading factor behind the racial disparity in the mortality rates of infants (Collins et al., 2009). It accounts for 20% of all neonatal deaths in the United States. African American women are the population of people that experience the highest rate of low birth infants (Dailey, 2009). In response to the major public health concern represented by low birth weight, Healthy People 2010 called for a decrease in the overall infant mortality in the United States and the elimination of racial disparity in infant mortality rates (Collins et al., 2009).
The long-term impact of an infant born with low birth weight (LBW) is vast. The health care costs associated with low birth weight (LBW) are dramatically increased. These costs continue throughout the infant’s life as the risks of low birth weight (LBW) include chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease (Holland et al., 2009). Another long-term impact of low birth weight (LBW) on infants is that the LBW children have “worse cognitive, psychological, behavioral and educational outcomes (Holland et al., 2009, p. 390). Numerous factors exist that are related to low birth weight (LBW). They “include sociodemographic factors, medical risks, risk of current pregnancy, health care and environmental and behavioral risks” (Holland et al., 2009, p. 391).
Relationship Between Health Issue and Target Population
The relationship between low birth weight and African American women can best be described by applying the ecological model. The ecological model presents the suggestion that “birth outcomes are impacted by maternal and family characteristics, which are in turn strongly influenced by the larger community and society” (Alio et al., 2010, p. 557). In addition to these characteristics, a key component to understanding the culturally based disparity of infant mortality, it is essential that the history of the black woman be examined for the historical context. According to Alio et al., (2010), “the ecological model provides a framework for examining and contextualizing...

Find Another Essay On Low Birth Weight Infants Born to African American Women

Image of African American Women Essay

1043 words - 5 pages , black women have fought and are fighting these harmful perceptions in many different ways. My project will focus on two artists in particular, Maya Angelou and Kara Walker. I will look at three poems of Maya Angelou, Phenomenal Women, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, and Still I Rise while examining the artwork of Kara Walker to compare the different approaches to transform the unfavorable images of African American women. An acquaintance of mine

African American Women And Sports Essay

1190 words - 5 pages The Connection between African-American Women and Competitive Sports Marian Moawad 205382841 Assignment #1 Inquiry Paper AS/SC KINE 1000 4.0 Foundations Section B Dr. Greg Malszecki October 10, 2001 Recreation and sports comes off as leisure and entertainment in today's society. Efforts of Women Groups (such as the Women's Division of the Athletic Amateur Federation) and Colored Associations have struggled in the last century to bring about

Body Image in African American Women

3061 words - 12 pages influenced by criticism about weight and young White girls were influenced more by physical appearance. According to Striegel-Moore, et al. (1995) the most stunning finding was that there was a greater drive for thinness among young African-American girls. This is surprising due to the low prevalence of anorexia and the higher rate of obesity in African-American women (Striegel-Moore, et al., 1995). This study sparks a desire to know more about

African American Women in the Prison System

1769 words - 7 pages child's development. Minority women are classified as "troublemakers" and "deviants" and grow up fulfilling the duties of this classification that has been forced upon them. Women in the prison system are a growing concern in our society, and it is not difficult to see that the majority of women in the system are minority females, primarily African American women. This essay is written to uncover how our American society shapes African-American

Discrimination of African American Women in Academics

1087 words - 5 pages dominated society, when a Black male has been place into a lower position within the society, how high can the females been categorized? Last, but not least, African American women scholar was treated unequally towards African American men scholar. The first full-time position of Myers after receiving her Ph.D. was as a chair of African American studies department with a black male char. From her book, she said, “He then recommended to the

African American Women in Upper Management

1359 words - 5 pages Within the upper echelons of upper management is scant room for African American women. This mini-proposal outlines a research project that focuses on the phenomena of the nominal amount of African American women are in positions of management or organizational leadership within the City of Philadelphia. Proposed Problem The issue necessitating this empirical study I the low representation of African American women in Philadelphia in positions

Advancement of Civic Engagement by Community Foundations in Low Income African American Communities

1663 words - 7 pages The role of civic engagement in neighborhood revitalization, particularly in low income African American communities, has gained increased awareness and in recent years. Community, nonprofit, and government leaders now view civic engagement as a critical component of effective solutions as they seek to address crime, unemployment, low graduation rates and numerous other neighborhood challenges. Several successful initiatives have come to

Pre-Mature Births in African American Women Caused by Racism

1322 words - 6 pages higher risk of having pre-mature births. What is most unfortunate is that often times this issue is unavoidable. Data Evaluation: African American women carry the greatest risk, followed by Hispanics. here is a 16-18 percent risk of African American women delivering early as opposed to a 7 percent risk for Caucasian women. According to CDC, in 2007, one of every five infants born to non-Hispanic black mothers was born preterm, compared with one of

Are Women Teachers to Blame for Boys Low Test Scores?

2113 words - 8 pages Are Women Teachers to Blame for Boys' Low Test Scores? In "The Mind of Man" by David Thomas, the academic performances of both men and women are scrutinized. He quotes an old calypso song "Man Smart, Woman Smarter" (120). But is this true, and if it is true, why are women generally regarded as being smarter, especially in their primary and secondary education? Dr. John Nicholson, author of "A Question of Sex", states that men and women are

African and African American according to Achebe and Douglass

1019 words - 4 pages African and African American according to Achebe and Douglass            Throughout the years, the image of the African American culture has been portrayed in in a negative light. Many people look to African, and African American literature to gain knowledge about the African American culture. The true culture and image often goes unseen, or is tarnished because writers who have no true insight or experience, have proceeded to write about

The Portrayal of African American Women in Recent Films

1760 words - 8 pages The portrayal of African American women in recent films, has served to highlight the negative stereotyping against them and increase awareness to their plight. The negative stereotyping occurred before the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment, where African Americans were predominantly bought and sold as slaves. It is only after the passing of the amendment and the Civil Rights Act, were African Americans considered citizens of the United States

Similar Essays

Developing Countries: A Low Weight Birth Baby

1556 words - 7 pages Every pregnant lady is willing to have a healthy baby. But unfortunately due to dome reasons, low weight births, pre births or still births can be happened. Economical, environmental, social, genetics reasons are some of them. This is a severe problem in some countries such as countries in south Asian and African regents; Low child birth is an indicator of the above mentioned aspects of a particular country. A low weight birth is a child birth

Violence African American Women Essay

2133 words - 9 pages partner violence, just as there is counseling for patients with insurance. Care should not be substandard as a result low or no income on the part of the African American client. After assessing a patient leaving theIntimate partner violence of African American women 8hospital, doctors should also have knowledge of counseling and after care services to provide to the patient. Trained professionals should also have plans in place for victims, and

Obesity In African American Women Essay

5703 words - 23 pages changing her body (e.g., via a cognitive behavioral or very low-calorie diet program aimed at weight reduction). By beginning to integrate Afrocentric and feminist models as they pertain to the experience and treatment of African American women, treatment professionals may begin to develop guidelines for working with obese and overweight African American women that do not dismiss the experience of multiple oppressions (e.g., racism, sexism

African American Women And Music Essay

1728 words - 7 pages The purpose of this report was for me to research and explore the connection between African American women and music. Since prior to the slave decades, music has been an integral part of African American society, and served as a form of social, economic, and emotional support in African American communities in the past and present. This paper will cover three different types of secular music that emerged during the slave days, through the civil