Low-Voltage Current-Mode Realization of Digital Logic Gates using CMOS
In this paper a new technique is introduced for implementing the basic logic function by using analog current-mode techniques. By expanding the logic function in power series expression, and using adder and sub-tractor realization of the basic logic function is simplified. To illustrate the proposed technique, a CMOS circuit for simultaneous realization of the logic function NOT, AND, OR, NAND and XOR is considered. PSPICE simulation results, obtained with ±2V supply, are included.
Key Word: Current Mirror; CMOS analog multiplier; Current mode; Translinear principle; Digital logic circuits;
The current-mode implementation of logic gates is a very important for current mode analog signal processing system. Mixed analog/digital electronic circuits are becoming increasingly important. Digital electronic circuits are mostly designed in CMOS technology. To be able to integrate the digital and analog parts on to one chip, high performance analog CMOS circuits are required (Ismail and Fiez, 1994) and a large number of mixed analog/digital VLSI integrated circuits realized in state-of-the-art digital CMOS technologies are now available (Laker and Sansen, 1994).
In fact the emergence of ICs incorporating mixed analog and digital functions on a single chip has led to an advanced level of analog design (Toumazou et al., 1990). Of particular interest here is the current-mode approach for designing analog ICs. It is well known that current-mode analog signal processing offers some important speed advantages over the traditional voltage-mode signal processing (Allen, 1990). At present current-mode implementations are available for a wide range of analog electronic circuits including A/D and D/A converters, continuous time filters, neural-networks, sampled data filters and microwave and optical systems. This raises the following question: Can digital ICs be realized using current-mode analog techniques? In fact analog-based realizations of digital logic circuits may result in avoiding the traditional problems of fan-in and fan-out, inherent in digital-based implementations, less complexity, low-voltage as well as higher speed of operation (Enab and Zaki, 1993). In an attempt to answer this question, the translinear principle (Gilbert, 1990) has been used to realize a digital inverter circuit (Kemp, 1983, 1984) a bistable element (Seevinck, 1978) and NOT/OR/NAND/XOR functions (M., 2003) . All the realizations of logic gates in current mode reported in references (Kemp, 1983, 1984; Seevinck, 1978; M., 2003) use bipolar technology.
In this paper, we present such an approach, a low-Voltage CMOS analog digital circuit in current-mode where it works with a supply voltage of VDD=-VSS=2V. The circuit is based on the four-quadrant CMOS analog multiplier (Ali et al., 2009).
POWER SERIES REPRESENTATION OF LOGIC FUNCTIONS
Using their truth tables, it is easy to show that...