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Lsd(Health Project) Essay

870 words - 3 pages

LSD, the generic name for the hallucinogen, lysergic acid diethylamide-25, was discovered by Dr. Albert Hofmann in 1938, LSD is one of the most potent mind-altering chemicals known to man. A white, odorless powder usually taken orally, it's effects are highly variable and begin within one hour and generally last 8-12 hours, gradually tapering off. It has been used experimentally in the treatment of alcoholics and psychiatric patients. [Where it showed some success.]. Interest in the drug rose when it was thought that it might be a possible treatment for schizophrenia. In the 1960's-1970's hippies started to use the drug. It was their psychedelic drug of choice. Hippies could believe that they were flying without leaving the ground. This drug was used a lot until a lot of publicity about "bad trips".The administration of very small doses of Delysid (1/2-2 ug. /kg. body weight) results in transitory disturbances of affect, hallucinations, depersonalization, reliving of repressed memories, and mild neuro-vegetative symptoms. The effect sets in after 30 to 90 minutes and generally lasts 5 to 12 hours. However, intermittent disturbances of affect may occasionally persist for several days.LSD is primarily a psychological hazard and not generally harmful to the body. May release latent psychosis or exacerbate depression, leading to irrational behavior. There is also a danger of foolish or incautious behavior, e.g., misjudging distances or thinking one can fly. Physical overdose is not a hazard, though one may easily ingest more than one may be able to handle psychologically. LSD is a very unpredictable drug. LSD gives the user rapid mood swings. The user gets a feeling that they are in another world. They get a feeling of euphoria. The effects last for up to 12 hours. LSD increases body temperature, increases heart rate and dilates the pupils. The most common adverse reaction is a temporary (less than 24 hours) episode of panic -- the "bad trip". Symptoms include frightening illusions/hallucinations (usually visual and/or auditory), overwhelming anxiety to the point of panic, aggression with possible violent acting-out behavior, depression (with suicidal ideations, gestures, or attempts), confusion, and fearfulness to the point of paranoid delusions. Reactions that are prolonged (days to months) and/or require hospitalization are often referred to as "LSD psychosis."LSD has remained popular with high school students, college students and young adults. LSD is also important to the fans of rock bands, like the...

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