Lung Cancer Essay

2212 words - 9 pages

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the number one killer of cancers of both men and women here in the United States. It accounts for 28% of the death rates due to cancer. In 1999, it is estimated that 1,221,800 new cases of cancer are expected to occur and out of these 171,600 are to be cases of lung cancer. (Meyer 1990)

If lung cancer is the number one killer in the United States, one must wonder how it affects other countries around the world. One will find that the United States does not even have the worse statistics of death from lung cancer. Scotland, England, and Finland are the top three, then is the United States in the middle and below us are: Canada, Australia, El Salvador, and Syrian Arab countries. Lung cancer is more commonly found in developed countries, because years ago, the upper class smoked cigarettes or cigars. The nicotine addiction had lasted through the years and spread to middle and lower class; but in Third World countries, they did not have to worry about this factor. They did not have the extra money to spend on killing themselves; they were just worried about surviving and so this addiction never started. (Meyer 1990)

Here in the United States lung cancer is not found in one specific region. Highly polluted areas have more of a risk of housing those with lung cancer because they contain diesel and fossil fuels, which is known to attribute to lung cancer. Mining Caves, can also be a founding place for cancer because they contain radon, another agent in causing lung cancer. It has also been proven that those who work with asbestos have a greater risk of developing lung cancer. And of course anyone who smokes is at a higher risk of lung cancer than non-smokers are. (Cherath 1999)

Lung cancer is a disease in which the cells of the lung tissues grow uncontrollably. When these cells grow rapidly, they will form tumors. There are two types of lung that are known today, non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer is the more popular of the two with 75%, it grows at a slower rate than the cancer cells of small cell lung cancer.

If you were to ask a person in the street what the number one killing cancer is and chances are that they do not know what it is because it is under advertised. Most people would think that breast cancer is the number one killer in women because we have National Breast Cancer Awareness Day, pins for breast cancer awareness, and even promotional awareness such as billboards and commercials. What do people know about lung cancer? Obviously not enough if it is the number one killer and people continue to smoke.

Over the years there has been an increase in an awareness of lung cancer. The Surgeon General’s warning is now on every pack of cigarettes, and more billboards are going up to make people aware. In today’s society it is not considered glamorous to smoke anymore. But that is...

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