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Lupus And Multiple Sclerosis Essay

1455 words - 6 pages

Lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus) is an autoimmune condition that is characterized by systematic damages caused on the immune system by the body itself. The most affected parts if the body by this condition are, heart, kidney, liver, joints, and the brain. With these parts of the body affected, the entire body can end up being paralyzed or rather not working well. Lupus or SLE is commonly recognized by butterfly rush which spreads across the nose and cheeks (Magro et al. 2013). However, the most common symptoms for lupus are joint pains and swellings, kidney failures, fatigue, and photosensitivity.
Lupus is mainly caused by a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. According to Magro et al., genes, environment, and genetic factors cause lupus (2013). The most affected by this condition are women compared to men. In addition, lupus affects people aged between 20- 40, although, children are said to rarely get lupus. Initially, a person diagnosed with lupus was said to die because there was no treatment. However, with the advancement in treatment and prevention methods, people with lupus can live normal lives. With proper treatment of lupus, the condition can be managed and the affected organs protected from severe damages.
Just like lupus, Multiple sclerosis is a chronic immune system disease that affects the central nervous system. The cause of this condition is unknown; however, some of the causes are violent trauma to the head or spinal cord, and or an immune system attack, which causes the body to attack the myelin sheaths around the neurons in the ascending and descending pathways and most of all genetic and environmental factors. Rosner (2008) notes that, multiple sclerosis is the common cause of neurological disabilities, in many young adults. However, Multiple sclerosis targets the olygodendrocytes, while in lupus, the damages are general, it does not target a specific part of the body. Olygodendrocytes cells are found throughout the nervous system. The condition destroys and causes inflammatory to the myelin and this interferes with the functioning of the nervous system. Multiple sclerosis symptoms are neurological and they differ depending on where the body has been damaged. The common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are inflammation, fatigue, loss of muscular control, headaches, impaired coordination, problems with sensory input and other cognitive and psychological problems for instance memory loss and depression. In addition, patients with multiple sclerosis experience pain due t the short-circuiting of the nerve sensory impulses and experience speech difficulties too due to the damages on the brain. Similar to lupus, multiple sclerosis is more rampant in women that men but especially young women. Multiple sclerosis is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental effects (Rosner, 2008). This condition is chronic and destroys lives, with physical effects and crippling emotions, to both the...

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