“If you don’t believe in God, you had better hope your right!” All religions basically believe in one God. Lutheranism is no exception, and as it just so happens it is very close to the Catholic religion I practice. This paper will attempt to explain the Lutheran Church and how it came to be.
Martin Luther, a German monk, known to many as the “Father of Reformation” did not initially or intentionally, start the Lutheran religion. However, his teachings became the cornerstone of what is known today as the Lutheran Religion. Marting Luther was born in Germany in 1483, became a monk, got ordained in 1507 then began to teach at the University of Wittenberg. Even though Martin Luther was ordained in the Catholic Church he became torn as some of the acts of the church he believed to be wrong. So began the reform.
Luther thought that the specific act in the Catholic Church of indulgences was wrong so he decided to try to reform the Catholic Church through his own teachings. Martin believed that the act of taking money in return for a promise of eternal happiness with God was wrong. This is what some of the Catholic leaders were doing and as time went on the act of accepting indulgences became greater and greater. Indulgences, in simpler terms, meant a peasant could pay to have his sins forgiven. You could literally, according to the clergy, buy your way out of Hell and/or buy less time in Purgatory! The reformation that Luther had hoped for the Catholic Church did not work. They were many other reasons that Martin Luther had issues with the Catholic Church besides the indulgences, but that was the big one. Others included, but are not limited to, priest celibacy, the great respect for saints, sacred images and the idea that the pope was perfect.
Martin Luther of course had his own agenda in mind when he started the Lutheran Church. As a monk, he was not allowed to marry and neither were priests in the Catholic Church. Marriage was between one man and one woman, forever, there was no way you could marry more than one women. Luther had many noble supporters and one in particular was the Elector of Saxony, Frederick III as well as other German nobility including Phillip of Hesse who supported Luther because Luther and his partner Phillip Melanchton gave his consent for Phillip to take more than one wife. Phillip was one of the initial leaders in the Lutheran Church along with German royalty and Martin Luther himself. Henry the VIII (eighth) was once a great supporter of the Catholic Church, and defended the Catholic Church against Martin Luther. However, things changed in Henry’s mind once the Catholic Church denied him the ability to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon because she could not bear him a son/heir. Since the Catholic Church would not annul his marriage and he learned that he could take much land owned by the Catholic Church and increase his wealth, he turned on the Catholic Church. Henry the eighth became a supporter of Martin Luther in...