Lutheranism Essay

1277 words - 6 pages

“If you don’t believe in God, you had better hope your right!” All religions basically believe in one God. Lutheranism is no exception, and as it just so happens it is very close to the Catholic religion I practice. This paper will attempt to explain the Lutheran Church and how it came to be.
Martin Luther, a German monk, known to many as the “Father of Reformation” did not initially or intentionally, start the Lutheran religion. However, his teachings became the cornerstone of what is known today as the Lutheran Religion. Marting Luther was born in Germany in 1483, became a monk, got ordained in 1507 then began to teach at the University of Wittenberg. Even though Martin Luther was ordained in the Catholic Church he became torn as some of the acts of the church he believed to be wrong. So began the reform.
Luther thought that the specific act in the Catholic Church of indulgences was wrong so he decided to try to reform the Catholic Church through his own teachings. Martin believed that the act of taking money in return for a promise of eternal happiness with God was wrong. This is what some of the Catholic leaders were doing and as time went on the act of accepting indulgences became greater and greater. Indulgences, in simpler terms, meant a peasant could pay to have his sins forgiven. You could literally, according to the clergy, buy your way out of Hell and/or buy less time in Purgatory! The reformation that Luther had hoped for the Catholic Church did not work. They were many other reasons that Martin Luther had issues with the Catholic Church besides the indulgences, but that was the big one. Others included, but are not limited to, priest celibacy, the great respect for saints, sacred images and the idea that the pope was perfect.
Martin Luther of course had his own agenda in mind when he started the Lutheran Church. As a monk, he was not allowed to marry and neither were priests in the Catholic Church. Marriage was between one man and one woman, forever, there was no way you could marry more than one women. Luther had many noble supporters and one in particular was the Elector of Saxony, Frederick III as well as other German nobility including Phillip of Hesse who supported Luther because Luther and his partner Phillip Melanchton gave his consent for Phillip to take more than one wife. Phillip was one of the initial leaders in the Lutheran Church along with German royalty and Martin Luther himself. Henry the VIII (eighth) was once a great supporter of the Catholic Church, and defended the Catholic Church against Martin Luther. However, things changed in Henry’s mind once the Catholic Church denied him the ability to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon because she could not bear him a son/heir. Since the Catholic Church would not annul his marriage and he learned that he could take much land owned by the Catholic Church and increase his wealth, he turned on the Catholic Church. Henry the eighth became a supporter of Martin Luther in...

Find Another Essay On Lutheranism

The Corruptness of the Church and the Reformation.

1001 words - 4 pages Philip Melanchthon. He was born in1497 and died in 1560. Philip Melanchthon wrote the Protest of 1519.Melanchthon's writing helped the early Protestants define their goal. Animportant reform leader was Claus Pert. He began as early as 1518. Heintroduced Lutheranism to Sweden. By 1593, Lutheranism became aSwedish State Religion. Ulrich Sewing , another leader believed andpreached many of Luther's ideas concerning justification by faith. Swigwas

From a historical point of view, is the Reformation an act of religious reform or an act of political revolution?

854 words - 3 pages religion was formed which made two main religions. Many followers of the Catholic Church followed Lutheranism. Later on, even more new religions were formed that were based on Protestantism. Anglicans, Calvinists, Lutherans, and Anabaptists were all Protestants. The power of the Catholic Church was declined due the lost of followers to other religions. Many peasants learned from Luther that their fears of getting into heaven had been used by the

"Actions Have Consequences"

997 words - 4 pages influence on the religious aspects of the Thirty Years War. First, it ended all religious conflict. The north German stated remained Protestant, while the south German stated remained Catholic. Calvinism, Lutheranism, and Catholicism became legal, permissible religions. Next, it stated that all German princes had a right to choose their own territory’s religion. The treaty also denied the papacy the right to participate in German religious

christianity germany

667 words - 3 pages Luther, making his writings be burned. Luther hid in the town of Eisenach for the next year, where he began work on one of his major projects, the translation of the New Testament into German. It had taken him him around 10 years to complete. His work has given Christians much more freedom. Lutheranism has spread from Germany to multiple countries. There are nearly 64 million people that follow Lutheranism. It is also one of the largest Protestant

The Importance of the Renaissance to the Reformation in Germany

1817 words - 7 pages , and quickly saw how Lutheranism may benefit them. For instance, the imperial knights, anxious to halt their political decline, adopted Luther's ideas and a small number of princes, led by Albrecht of Hohenzollern, Phillip of Hesse and John of Saxony also commited themselves to Lutheranism. A number of princes, in support of Luther, formed the first league of Torgau in March 1526 to withstand the Edict of Worms, which

The reformation.

1403 words - 6 pages setting up their own churches to spread their word of the bible. The churches that they set up practiced the belief of "Lutheranism," which is also known as Evangelicalism. Luther returned to Wittenburg in 1522 to be with his followers (Holt,Rinehart,Winston, 442).By the time Luther passed away in 1546, Lutheranism had spread all over the German states, and was even being close to recognized by Pope Paul III. The year that Luther died, the

The Reformation

2247 words - 9 pages with the reformation, Luther created Lutheranism; a practice based on his own beliefs. Luther’s reformation was a great success and many reformers were to follow his footsteps. Many years later, a reformer known as John Calvin, born in 1509 in France, intended to be a priest until he heard of Luther’s ideas while in France. Calvin agreed with some of Luther’s ideas and disagreed with others, which is why he created Calvinism. In 1536, after

The History of the Lutheran Church

633 words - 3 pages Lutheranism can be traced back to Martin Luther, a German religious scholar who sought to reform the practices of the Roman Catholic Church in the early 16th century. The Lutheran church was formed in Europe in 1507. It all began when Martin Luther nailed the 95 theses on the Wittenberg Castle Church's door. He questioned the ideals of the church and much of what people believed in. This was the final result that built upon earlier attempts at

Identify and compare the motives and actions of Martin Luther and King Henry VIII concerning religious reform.

572 words - 2 pages religious motives were apparent to the people so his religious changes stuck. Proof of this is simply that Lutheranism is still a popular denomination of Christianity today that is based off of the original principles that Martin Luther set.Bibliography:A History of Western Society: 7th edition (McKay)


1139 words - 5 pages essence and authority of the Church in an exclusive priesthood, and makes ordained priests the necessary mediators between God and the people.[5] Major groupings Trinitarian Protestant denominations are divided according to the position taken on Baptism: "Mainline Protestants", a North American phrase, are Christians who trace their tradition's lineage to Lutheranism, or Calvinism. These groups are often considered to be part of the

The Decline of the Holy Roman Empire

3239 words - 13 pages Protestant party was emerging in North Germany and was supported by many princes. The Catholic princes of South Germany began the plan for local reform that would later become the counterreformation (McElwee 99-100). “Southern Germany was then to be purged of heresy by anti-Lutheran propaganda supported by persecution,” McElwee writes (100). Distinct parties among the princes were emerging (McElwee 100). As the parties emerged, Lutheranism was changing

Similar Essays

Development Of Lutheranism Essay

579 words - 2 pages . Yet, as the Protestant Reformation progressed, the religious and political views and actions of each man soon determined the long term acceptance of their ideas. As a result, Martin Luther's movement failed to spread extensively beyond the borders of the German and Scandinavian states, while John Calvin's ideas gained international appeal.The spread of Lutheranism was greatly affected by the decisions and actions of Martin Luther. Luther's

Protestant Reform Essay

769 words - 4 pages Church include John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli and even England’s King, Henry VIII. Each questioned the practices of The Church uniquely to their own beliefs. Some of them shared similar spiritual theories, others vastly differed. After translating The Bible into German, Martin Luther paved the way for Lutheranism. Luther believed that one must not repent their sins by payment or indulgences. He believed we simply needed to have faith in Christ and

The Lutheran Hymnal Essay

833 words - 3 pages - Missouri Synod. This Lutheran Hymnal is not just a symbol of Lutheranism but the moderate views of the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod. In the Lutheran Hymnal, are principles of Lutheran Theology according to the Missouri Synod. There are ceremonies for Baptism, Confirmation as well as Divine services. The Divine Service is from Lutheran tradition and is the same service that Lutherans practice today. There are also prayers, chants

The Protestant Reformation Essay

595 words - 2 pages the printing press offered.Out of this came the new faith of Lutheranism. While this offered new ideas to Europe, it also stirred social chaos. A peasant revolt emerged, in which thousands die. Surprisingly, Luther doesn't support the peasants. This move slows the spread of Lutheranism, but not for long. As the spirit of reform spreads, other leaders appear: Ulrich Zwingli in Switzerland, John Calvin who starts Calvinism, and John Knox who wants