Lysergic Acid Diethylamide Essay

813 words - 3 pages

“LSD, which stands for lysergic acid diethylamide, is a synthetic drug that has been abused for its hallucinogenic properties since the 1960s.” (http://www.usdoj.gov/ndic/pubs4/4260/index.htm) It is made from lysergic acid, which comes from ergot, a fungus that typically lives on rye. It was first synthesized on November 16, 1938, by a Swiss chemist named Dr. Albert Hofmann. The study was part of a large research program searching for medical uses from ergot derivatives.Its hallucinogenic properties were not known until 5 years later, when Hofmann, acting on what he has called a "peculiar presentiment," gained interest and began to work on this chemical again. “While re-synthesizing LSD-25 for further study, Hofmann became dizzy and was forced to stop work. In his journal, Hofmann wrote that after becoming dizzy he proceeded home and was affected by a ‘remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness‘. Hofmann stated that as he lay in his bed he sank into a pleasant ‘intoxicated like condition’ which was characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination.” (http://bestuff.com/stuff/lysergic-acid-diethylamide)Sold as tablets, capsules, or in liquid form, LSD has been illegally sold on streets since 1960. Because ergot is not readily found in the United States, it is smuggled to LSD producers from Europe, Mexico, Africa, and Costa Rica. The difficulty of obtaining ergot, however, discourages many manufacturers from producing LSD.LSD is usually found on "blotter" paper (paper torn into small squares). Liquid LSD is a clear liquid which is usually in a small container, tube or flask. LSD can also be found in thin squares of gelatin. Usually LSD is taken orally, however, gelatin and liquid can be put in the eyes for a faster and more intense trip.LSD has unpredictable health hazards. Like any drug, the greater the amount taken, the worse the effects. The user may not feel the effects of LSD from 30- 90 minutes after taking the drug. Physically, LSD dilates the pupils for a long period of time. It also raises the body temperature, heartbeat, and blood pressure. Tingling of toes and fingers is also a result of taking LSD. Even though death cannot occur from taking LSD, many LSD related deaths have been reported.The affect that LSD has on the body is the distortion of messages to the brain, especially messages related to vision. This can cause hallucinations and effects known as "hearing colors" and "seeing sounds." When a large dosage is taken, images may appear when the eyes are closed as well as opened....

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