Lysergic Acid Diethylamide Analysis

1881 words - 8 pages

Lysergic acid diethylamide is a hallucinogenic drug that was created in the 1930s. LSD has been used in many ways since the powerful effects of the drug were discovered. However, this drug is most commonly found used illegally. When sold, LSD can be found in several different forms and doses. Depending on the dose taken, the different short- and long-term effects can have more or less of an effect on the user. LSD mostly effects the brain. The drug changes some functions so greatly, the changed can may take years to fully recover. Despite this, LSD became popular during the 1960s. Lysergic acid diethylamide is a synthetic hallucinogen that affects the human body and brain, as well as American society.
Lysergic acid diethylamide is one of the most popular hallucination creating drugs. The name lysergic acid diethylamide derived from the German name Lyserg Säure Diethylamid (Lysergide). The shortened name is from the initials of the German name. The German name was the drugs original name and was translated to lysergic acid diethylamide when the drug was brought to the United States. Albert Hoffman synthesized LSD in 1938 while he was working for Sandoz, Inc. in Basel, Switzerland (Lysergide). Hoffman was doing research on the therapeutic value of lysergic acid. He knew how he created the drug, but did not know what he created. LSD is derived from lysergic acid compound found in ergot, a fungus that grows on grains (Center for Substance Abuse Research). Lysergic acid is found naturally in ergot, meaning LSD is semi-synthetic and must be created in a lab. Albert Hoffman did not discover the hallucinogenic effects of LSD until a few years later. While Hoffman was re-evaluating the lysergic acid diethylamide, he accidentally ingested a small amount of the acid and described the first ‘trip’ on acid (Lysergide). Once Hoffman realized what the drug could do, the company continued their research on lysergic acid. The company later made a fortune from their discovery of lysergic acid. Albert Hoffman discovered LSD and its effects to be used medically, but it is now used recreationally and in different settings.
When sold, LSD may come in several different forms, doses, and amounts. LSD is produced in clandestine labs as a colorless, odorless, water-soluble tartrate salt that decomposes in light and high temperatures (Axelrod-Contrada 77; Lysergide). Those who create this drug must be careful handling it since it is sensitive to light and high temperatures, this is most likely the reason it is commonly used in nightclubs. As a salt, the drug can be sold in a number of ways. LSD is commonly is sold as tablets, capsules, absorbent paper squares, and occasionally as gelatin squares or liquid (National Institute of Drug Abuse; Lysergide). A tablet, capsule, or square are equal to one dose. The absorbent paper squares are pieces of a sheet of paper that was soaked with the acid and separated into one dose squares. Oral doses of LSD are as small as 20...

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