This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The New York Shutdown Of August 2003

3361 words - 14 pages

Introduction
Lin et al (2011) indicate that on the 14th of August 2003, New York was engulfed in a number of a series of power generation interruptions which subsequently triggered a shutdown for protective purposes. Although the shutdown was intended for good purpose, million of New Yorkers in the Northeastern US experienced over 31 hours of blackout beginning on August 14th 4.11 p. m. DeBlasio et al (2004) attest to the arguments of Lin et al (2011) and add that the real effect of the blackout was very significant to human safety and health as a survey by US Department of Transportation found out. For instance, they indicate that 11, 600 traffic lights went off coupled with around 413 subway trains being stopped thereby affecting approximately 400,000 passengers. U.S-Canada Power System Outage Task Force (2003) reports that approximately 800 instances of people caught in elevators who need rescue were recorded. The report also indicated that the high rise buildings of New York within the affected area lacked water since they rely on electric pumps to transport the water to all the floors. Additionally, recycling plants were unable to recycle raw sewage during the period of the black out (Lin et al, 2011). Therefore, some waste was pumped to rivers and hence becoming a health hazard.
A plethora of studies have been undertaken to determine and illustrate the health hazards that were posed by the August 2003 New York black out. Studies such as Freese et al (2006) and Kile et al (2005) have succinctly explained how the blackout affected the health system in the affected area. For instance, there was significant surge in the number of emergency service and 9.1.1 calls. Kile et al (2005) posit that during the blackout period, hospital emergency services utilization across the city increased and hence the efficacy of the health facilities was compromised. On the transport front, Prezant et al (2005) posit that the blackout caused shutdown of train systems and paralyzed traffic on the road and airports. In this paper, the blackout’s public health effects on transportation will be assessed in detail and associated aspects addressed.
The four phases of disaster management
Rubin (2009) argues that in case of emergencies, there are four key phases that can be used to characterize the whole process of the emergency. These phases include preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation as illustrated in the figure below.

Figure 1: Disaster management phases (Adopted from Rubin, 2009)
While the above figure may imply that management process of disasters is a process that is relatively continues and that follows a step by step process, in practice the phases tend to overlap. Rubin (2009) observes that there has significant critic of this model although it has been labeled as the most of the effective model to describe the emergency management framework.
Rubin (2009) presumes that the first phase is preparedness which is undertaken before the emergency...

Find Another Essay On The New York Shutdown of August 2003

The Statue of Liberty New York

1268 words - 5 pages to provide the funds. Pulitzer's campaign of harsh criticism was successful In motivating the people of America to donate.Financing for the pedestal was completed in August 1885, and the pedestal construction was finished in April 1866. The statue was completed in France in July 1884 and arrived in New York Harbor in June of 1885 on board the French frigate "Isere" which transported the Statue of Liberty from France to the United States. In

The New York Conspiracy Trials of 1741

856 words - 4 pages In 1741 New York, New York was one of the largest ports in British North America. (Zabin, 7) The Dutch founded New York in 1624. The Dutch founded New York to be used as a trading post named New Amsterdam. (Zabin, 7) The first slaves were brought to New York in 1626. As time progressed, elite whites moved inward, away from the water. The land near the water and ports was inhabited by poor whites, sailors and slaves. In 1741 there was a

Irving Washington, The History of New York

1323 words - 5 pages Irving Washington was born in 1783 in New York into a large family where he was the youngest of eleven children. He started his career from a law office feeling that it was a job not to his heart content. Being light-hearted and sardonic in his nature he attempted to write for the journal of his brother Peter called “The Morning Chronicle”. Later Irving and Peter thought of creating a high-quality literary mockery. Originally the text

Bank of New York

2783 words - 11 pages model the total asset utilization of a process and use that information to improve your effective use of those assets, you have essentially found additional capacity without significant capital investment, thus finding additional capacity that was there all along. To calculate the Asset Utilization is dividing total operating income into total assets. For the Bank of New York the Asset Utilization is 6.07 for 2004, 6.08 for 2003 and 6.19 for

Causes of Government Shutdown in the US

1692 words - 7 pages Representatives as well as the members of the Senate as stubborn and unable to compromise their own political agendas to pass the Continuing Resolutions Act. With the use of diction, irony and syntax, the media depicts the House of Representatives (Republican controlled) as one that hinders the nation from progressing to prosperity. In an article about the Government shutdown, Annie Lowrey a writer of the New York Times said that "...the

Film Analysis Review of the Gangs of New York

1078 words - 4 pages Film Analysis ofGangs of New YorkMany people do not realize the brutality people had to live through while this melting pot of a country was being forged, but in 2002, Martin Scorsese's "The Gangs of New York" revealed to America some of the ugliest histories of our country. In this epic film, Leonardo DiCaprio, Daniel Day-Lewis, and Cameron Diaz show the audience that America is full of justified tragedies. Just as this country was born

The New York Times Coverage of the Holocaust

1607 words - 7 pages The New York Times coverage of the Holocaust One paper had more influence on all other newspapers during this time. The New York Times was the primary source wartime newspaper. Their lack of coverage influenced the coverage from other newspapers (Max Frankel).The years of the Holocaust was an experience people will never forget. Everyone is involved including those who suffered in Eastern Europe as well as those who were informed and those who

The New York Times coverage of the Holocaust

1594 words - 7 pages The New York Times coverage of the Holocaust A lesson in time The years of the Holocaust was an experience people will never forget. Everyone is involved; including those who suffered in Eastern Europe as well as those who were informed and those who were under informed, to the billions of lives living and learning about it today. In the time of the Holocaust (1933-1945) The New York Times under informed the American public and made them blind

The complete history of the new york yankees

3583 words - 14 pages The History of the New York YankeesThe New York Yankees are referred to as America's team. The team has won twenty-eight world championships and many of baseball's best players of all time have worn the Yankee pinstripes.The franchise started in 1903 as the team was first referred to as the New York Highlanders because their stadium was located at 168th Street and Broadway, which is one of the highest points of Manhattan. The team was not

The Business impact of the MTA on New York City

1498 words - 6 pages The Mass Transit Authority (MTA) has had a big impact not only in the businesses of New York, but in the history of the movement of the people and society of this great city. There was not always a Mass Transit Authority in New York City, back in the 1820’s most if not all New Yorkers traveled by horsepower. The transportation began with Omnibuses which were oversized stagecoaches that ran on a fixed route, It was big enough to only seat

The Impact of the New York Road Runners

952 words - 4 pages The New York Road Runners is a non-profit organization based in New York City. It was originally founded in 1958 in Macombs Dam Park in the Bronx as a running club with about 40 members who were led by African American Olympian Ted Corbitt. This new club opened its ranks to all: men, women, Whites, Blacks, fast and slow. Growth was a gradual process, by 1970 there were about 250 members and that was the first year of the New York City

Similar Essays

Review Of Andrew Burstein, The Passions Of Andrew Jackson (New York: Random House, 2003), 320 Pages

1650 words - 7 pages accomplished General. He fought the battle of New Orleans on January 8 , 1815. The British commander that General Jackson was up against was Sir Edward Packenham. Packenham was killed in the battle and New Orleans was saved. The Americans had won. In all a total of 291 British had been killed. The Americans had killed three major generals, eight colonels, six majors, and eighteen captains. The British had 1,292 wounded and nearly 500 captured or

A Review Of "A Dangerous Business". Lowell Bergmann & David Barstow. New York Times. Pbs Frontline. 2003

919 words - 4 pages David H. Dallas (author)English 111: Writing IIClarion Universtiy of PASeptember 29, 2003A Review of "A Dangerous Business"The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the PBS television show Frontline, and the New York Times collaborated on a project which resulted in a series of New York Times articles entitled "Dangerous Business" and a documentary series of the same name that aired in January 2003. The nine-month investigation in particular dealt

Bremer, Francis J. 2003. John Winthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. New York, Ny: Oxford University Press

1683 words - 7 pages Bremer, Francis J. 2003. John Winthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.This is a very well documented source. Bremer includes an "interlude" describing his interpretation of Winthrop's "Model of Christian Charity" speech (173-4) complete with endnotes explaining his citations and their credibility (431-433). Unlike other sources on the topic, Bremer suggests that Winthrop made this speech, not on the

Critique Of The Government Shutdown Essay

2342 words - 9 pages . New York Times. Database. 27 Nov, 2013. Babwin , Don. " Federal Shutdown Affected U.S. In Ways Unseen ." (2013): n.pag. Huffington Post. Web. 27 Nov, 2013. Bridget, Kuehn. " Shutdown Underscored Vulnerability of US Public Health and Biomedical Research to Political Wrangling ." 310.18 (1013): 1907. Jama. Web. 27 Nov, 2013. Brown, Frederic. "Government shutdown has lasting effects on U.S. companies." (2013): n.pag. cbsnews. Web. 27 Nov, 2013